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Table 3 Multivariate analysis of balance test bases on GEE model

From: Modeling the effect of static stretching and strengthening exercise in lengthened position on balance in low back pain subject with shortened hamstring: a randomized controlled clinical trial

Characteristics   β SD(β) 95%CI P-value b
Group Static stretching 9.58 3.90 (1.93,17.22) 0.014
Strengthening 0.273 3.61 (−7.35,6.80) 0.94
Control Reference
Phase post 7.71 1.18 (5.39,10.02) < 0.001
pre Reference
Reach direction Right ANT 11.59 1.69 (8.27,14.93) < 0.001
Right PM 6.16 1.38 (3.43,8.88) < 0.001
Right PL Reference
Left ANT 11.28 1.78 (7.79,14.77) < 0.001
Left PM 9.33 0.80 (7.75,10.91) < 0.001
Left PL Reference
Height   0.28 0.13 (0.021,0.538) 0.034
  1. a Reference category; b Based on adjusted model; dependent variable = balance test