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Table 4 Association between thoracolumbar vertebral fractures with spine trauma and the adjacent disc degeneration

From: Association between non-traumatic vertebral fractures and adjacent discs degeneration: a cross-sectional study and literature review

Author Year Subjects Age (averaged) Design Follow-up Type of injury Treatment MRI Assessment
Kerttula [6] 2000 14 15.5 [8.8–20.8] Retrospective study 3.8 Y Wedge-type (14) Conservative Decrease in T2 signal intensity
Moller [20] 2007 20 12 [7–16] Observational cohort study 40 Y Stable (18), Denis type B (2) Conservative Oner classification Scheme [21]
Verlaan [22] 2013 20 42 [18–74] Prospective trial 12 to 18 M AO: A3 (20), A4 (1) PS fixation Pfirrmann classification [14]
Toyone [7] 2013 12 38 [14–59] Prospective consecutive series 10 Y AO: A3 (12) PS fixation Borenstein’s report (score: 0–3) [23]
Wang [8] 2013 26 39.6 [21–54] Retrospective study 9–12 M AO: A3 (26) PS fixation Pfirrmann classification [14]
Sander [9] 2014 27 37.5 [16–59] Retrospective study 1 Y AO: A1 (5), A2 (14), A3 (8) PS fixation Original classification (Grade 0–3)
Noriega [10] 2016 20 50.7 [45–56] Retrospective study 32 M AO: A1 (10), A3 (10) IKP Diffusion-weighted MR imaging
Descamps [11] 2019 93 54 [18–83] Retrospective study 26.7 M AO: A1 (54), A2 (5), A3 (34) IKP Radiograph UCLA Grading Scale [24]
  1. Numbers in the brackets indicate the range of age. Number in the parentheses indicates the number of subjects
  2. Y Years, M Months, PS fixation Pedicle screw fixation, AO AO classification [19], IKP Instrumented kyphoplasty
  3. OVF Osteoporotic vertebral fracture