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Table 2 Prevalence of congenital heart defect stratified by different hand abnormality

From: Clinical and epidemiological features of heart-hand syndrome, an updated analysis in China

Characteristic I
Failure of formation of parts (arrest of development
II
Failure of differentiation (separation)
III
Duplication
IV
Overgrowth
V
Undergrowth
VI
Congenital constriction band syndrome
Total
No. patient 70 537 921 10 79 36 1653
No. congenital heart defect 18 60 103 0 13 6 200
% 25.7 11.2 11.2 0.0 16.5 16.7 12.1
Atrial septal defect 7 16 43 0 2 1 69
Ventricular septal defect 3 1 6 0 0 0 10
Multiple valve regurgitation 1 4 2 0 1 0 8
Patent ductus arteriosus 0 2 4 0 1 2 9
Mitral regurgitation 1 0 4 0 1 1 7
Tricuspid regurgitation 2 27 32 0 3 1 65
Aortic valve regurgitation 0 1 2 0 0 0 3
Persistent left superior vena cava 2 1 2 0 1 1 7
Tetralogy of Fallot 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Pulmonary artery sling 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Pulmonary stenosis 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
Conduction block 2 1 1 0 1 0 5
Abnormal wave patterns 0 4 1 0 2 0 7
Premature beat 0 2 2 0 1 0 5
Tachycardia. 0 0 2 0 0 0 2
P value 0.009