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Table 3 Results of stepwise logistic analysis for risk factors of four different type leakage patterns

From: Risk factors for cement leakage and nomogram for predicting the intradiscal cement leakage after the vertebra augmented surgery

Leakage patterns and risk factors OR 95%CI P values
Vein leakage
 Surgery method (PVP) 5.52 2.05–14.89 0.001
Intervertebral leakage
 Delayed surgery 2.74 1.35–5.59 0.005
 Preoperative compression ratio 0.13 0.02–0.84 0.032
 Upper endplate disruption 2.74 1.14–6.56 0.024
Perivertebral soft tissue leakage
 Age 1.06 1.01–1.12 0.011
 Preoperative fracture severity 2.82 1.20–6.61 0.017
 Preoperative IVC 2.88 1.33–6.23 0.007
Spinal canal leakage
 Preoperative CA 0.93 0.85–1.02 0.119*
  1. IVC intravertebral vacuum cleft, PVP percutaneous vertebroplasty, CA Cobb angle
  2. *P > 0.05