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Table 1 Comparison of patients’ characteristics

From: Analysis of percutaneous kyphoplasty under different types of anesthesia for the treatment of multiple osteoporotic vertebral fractures

Characteristics Group G (n = 81) Group L (n = 78) Test value P value
Age 72.67 ± 8.46 73.10 ± 7.22 −0.349 0.728
Female 52 (64.2) 51 (65.4) 0.025 0.876
Occupation
 Worker 18 16   
 Farmer 16 17   
 Unemployed 8 7   
 Technician 9 11   
 Retiree 22 21   
 Others 8 6 0.667 0.985
BMD −3.61 ± 0.80 −3.52 ± 0.66 0.768 0.444
Fracture level
 T7 ~ T10 94 102   
 T11 ~ L2 118 114   
 L3 ~ L5 72 65 4.557 0.919
Volume of bone Cement injected into each Vertebra (ml) 6.32 ± 0.95 5.46 ± 1.02 10.328 0.000
Mean arterial Pressure (mmHg) 101.1 ± 7.49 134.2 ± 12.95 −19.809 0.000
The average of heart beats 64.9 ± 4.03 88.1 ± 8.77 −21.495 0.000
Amount of Bleeding (ml) 67.2 ± 22.37 69.6 ± 21.41 −0.067 0.504
Fluoroscopy times of each vertebra 18.7 ± 1.70 24.4 ± 1.81 −20.368 0.000
Time of operation (min) 79.6 ± 14.37 94.5 ± 13.82 −6.663 0.000
Complications
 Bone cement 26 (9.2) 18 (6.4) 1.487 0.223
 Neurological impairment 4 (4.9) 2 (2.6) 0.613 0.434
 Vertebral infection 1 (0.4) 1 (0.4) 0.000 0.994
 Cognitive dysfunction 7 (8.6) 2 (2.6) 2.732 0.098
 Cardiopulmonary complications 4 (4.9) 1 (1.3) 1.733 0.188