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Table 2 Musculoskeletal variables: 2-Groups

From: Intensity of resistance training via self-reported history is critical in properly characterizing musculoskeletal health

2-group method NRT
(95% CI)
RT
(95% CI)
NRT vs. RT
p (ES)
Combined right and left HG (kg) 67.5 ± 1.3
(64.9–70.0)
72.6 ± 1.5
(69.7–75.5)
0.011* (0.64)
Combined right and left arm BFLM (kg) 4.96 ± 0.09
(4.77–5.15)
5.73 ± 0.11
(5.51–5.94)
< 0.001* (0.89)
MQ 13.9 ± 0.2
(13.5–14.3)
13.1 ± 0.2
(12.6–13.5)
0.008* (0.60)
Anteroposterior spine BMD (g/cm2) 1.013 ± 0.011
(0.990–1.035)
1.031 ± 0.013
(1.005–1.057)
0.311 (0.24)
Lateral spine BMD (g/cm2) 0.785 ± 0.009
(0.767–0.803)
0.816 ± 0.011
(0.795–0.837)
0.033* (0.49)
Femoral neck BMD (g/cm2) 0.915 ± 0.013
(0.890–0.940)
0.961 ± 0.015
(0.932–0.990)
0.021* (0.50)
Total hip BMD (g/cm2) 1.016 ± 0.012
(0.992–1.041)
1.061 ± 0.014
(1.033–1.089)
0.021* (0.53)
Whole-body BMD (g/cm2) 1.068 ± 0.008
(1.052–1.085)
1.106 ± 0.010
(1.087–1.125)
0.013* (0.66)
  1. *p <0.05
  2. All values presented as estimated means ± SE from an ANCOVA adjusted for age, height, and total calcium intake
  3. 95% CI 95% confidence intervals, NRT non-resistance-trained, RT resistance-trained, ES observed effect size, LIRT low-intensity resistance-trained, HIRT high-intensity resistance-trained, MQ muscle quality, BMD bone mineral density, HG handgrip, BFLM bone-mineral free lean mass