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Table 1 Profiles of Patient with Kyphoscoliosis

From: Percutaneous endoscopic unilateral laminotomy and bilateral decompression under 3D real-time image-guided navigation for spinal stenosis in degenerative lumbar kyphoscoliosis patients: an innovative preliminary study

  Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4
Age (years) 73 86 82 80
BMI (kg/m2) 28.36 23.37 19.94 26.63
Comorbidities Diabetes Mellitus
Chronic Kidney Disease StageIII
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
Diabetes Mellitus
Chronic Kidney Disease StageII
Chronic Kidney Disease StageIII
Diabetes Mellitus
Congestive Heart Failure
Operation Time (minutes) 272 315 154 233
Schwab Classification for Adult Spinal Deformity
 Type and Location of Deformity TypeV Lumbar Major Curve TypeV Lumbar Major Curve TypeV Lumbar Major Curve TypeV Lumbar Major Curve
 Lordosis Modifier: Sagittal Cobb angle from T12 to S1 20.36 degrees 20.31 degrees 21.14 degrees 21.6 degrees
 Subluxation Modifier: Frontal or Sagittal Plane (Anterior or Posterior), Maximum Value ++ Frontal subluxation 16 mm (> 7 mm) +Frontal subluxation 6 mm (1-6 mm) ++ Frontal subluxation 9.4 mm (> 7 mm) + Frontal subluxation 5.53 mm (1-6 mm)
 Global Balance Modifier: Sagittal Offset from Posterior Superior Corner S1 Positive: 7.98 cm Positive: 7.13 cm Positive: 7.01 cm Positive: 4.63 cm