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Table 1 Mean values of age, weight, height, CR, SATR, PO measurements and Cobb angle in participants

From: Cervical rotation, chest deformity and pelvic obliquity in patients with spinal muscular atrophy

  SMA I
N = 21
SMA II
N = 36
SMA III
N = 17
Control
N = 89
Age (years) ±  SD 6.5 ±  5.0 7.4. ±  4.1 7.2 ±  4.0 6.8 ±  3.7
Weight (kg) ±  SD 20.7 ±  11.1 23.7 ±  10.6 21.6 ±  10.3 26.0 ±  13.4
Height (cm) ±  SD 116.6 ±  22.9 122.3 ±  17.9 121.1 ±  18.9 125.1 ±  23.4
CR left (o)  ±  SD 20.4 ±  10.7 22.5 ±  9.1 24.5 ±  9.4 29.9 ±  4.8
 Min / Max 0.0 / 40.0 0.0 / 36.0 6.0 / 38.0 18.0 / 40.0
CR right (o) ±  SD 21.9 ±  10.8 24.8 ±  8.3 23.9 ±  9.3 30.4 ±  4.8
 Min / Max 2.0 / 44.0 5.0 / 40.0 6.0 / 38.0 20.0 / 42.0
CRS (o)  ±  SD 42.3 ±  14.4 47.3 ±  14.3 48.4 ±  17.4 60.3 ±  9.3
 Min / Max 10.0 / 70.0 5.0 / 76.0 12.0 / 70.0 40.0 / 82.0
CRD (o)  ±  SD 11.7 ±  10.7 6.9 ±  7.6 4.6 ±  4.6 2.0 ±  1.9
 Min / Max 0.0 / 38.0 0.0 / 32.0 0.0 / 11.0 0.0 / 8.0
SATRU (o)  ±  SD 6.3 ±  3.8 4.3 ±  4.2 2.4 ±  1.7 0.5 ±  0.9
 Min / Max 0.0 / 14.0 0.0 / 15.0 0.0 / 5.0 0.0 / 3.0
SATRL (o) ±  SD 5.6 ±  3.7 5.1 ±  4.0 2.7 ±  1.8 0.3 ±  0.6
 Min / Max 0.0 / 15.0 0.0 / 15.0 0.0 / 7.0 0.0 / 3.0
PO (o)  ±  SD NA 8.7 ±  6.4 3.6 ±  3.0 0.8 ±  1.0
 Min / Max NA 0.0 / 24.0 0.0 / 10.0 0.0 / 4.0
Single scoliosis
Cobb angle (o)
ThL 32.2 ±  19.1
N = 17
ThL 33.5 ±  15.0
N = 25
ThL 29.0 ±  15.0
N = 8
no scoliosis
Double scoliosis
Cobb angle (o)
Th 59.0 ±  4.2
ThL 51.0 ±  29.1
N = 2
Th 43.4 ±  22.7
ThL 62.4 ±  26.5
N = 5
no scoliosis no scoliosis
  1. Note: SMA I Spinal muscular atrophy type I, SMA II Spinal muscular atrophy type II, SMA III Spinal muscular atrophy type III, CR left Cervical rotation to the left, CR right Cervical rotation to the right, CRS Sum of CR left and CR right, CRD Difference between CR left and CR right, SATRU Supine angle of trunk rotation upper; SATRL Supine angle of trunk rotation lower; PO Pelvic obliquity, NA Not analysed, SD Standard deviation, (o) Degrees, N Number of participants, NA Not analyzed, Th Thoracic curve, ThL Thoracic/lumbar curve