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Table 3 Mean (SD), median (IQR) and range of active shoulder external rotation in degrees for males and females by five-year age groups

From: Shoulder range of movement in the general population: age and gender stratified normative data using a community-based cohort

  Left shoulder Right shoulder
Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Range Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Range
All participants Male (n = 1237) 55.0 (17.9) 50.0 (45–70) 0–90 56.8 (17.6) 55.0 (45–70) 0–90
Female (n = 1167) 58.5 (17.7) 60.0 (45–75) 0–90 60.9 (17.9) 60.0 (45–75) 0–90
20–24 years Male (n = 97) 58.9 (18.4) 60.0 (45–75) 25–85 62.3 (15.9) 65.0 (47–75) 30–85
  Female (n = 99) 72.9 (13.2) 75.0 (65–80) 40–90 73.8 (14.7) 80.0 (70–85) 40–90
25–29 years Male (n = 170) 62.4 (18.8) 60.0 (50–80) 25–90 64.5 (17.7) 65.0 (50–80) 30–90
  Female (n = 119) 67.3 (15.0) 70.0 (55–80) 35–90 72.5 (12.5) 75.0 (65–80) 40–90
30–34 years Male (n = 146) 57.9 (16.6) 55.0 (45–75) 20–90 59.1 (16.5) 60.0 (45–75) 15–90
  Female (n = 145) 61.9 (14.3) 60.0 (50–75) 30–90 65.1 (13.8) 70.0 (55–75) 30–90
35–39 years Male (n = 131) 56.2 (17.0) 55.0 (45–70) 20–90 56.3 (17.1) 55.0 (45–70) 10–90
  Female (n = 122) 60.5 (15.8) 60.0 (45–72) 30–90 62.5 (16.5) 65.0 (45–75) 30–90
40–44 years Male (n = 140) 53.7 (15.8) 50.0 (45–65) 20–90 54.9 (15.7) 50.0 (45–67) 10–90
  Female (n = 125) 56.8 (16.5) 55.0 (45–70) 0–85 58.5 (17.7) 55.0 (45–75) 0–90
45–49 years Male (n = 113) 53.0 (18.0) 50.0 (44–65) 10–90 53.8 (17.3) 50.0 (45–70) 20–85
  Female (n = 105) 54.5 (16.5) 50.0 (45–70) 20–90 56.1 (17.4) 50.0 (45–70) 15–90
50–54 years Male (n = 94) 54.7 (17.2) 55.0 (40–70) 5–90 56.5 (17.8) 56.3 (45–73) 10–90
  Female (n = 89) 55.4 (16.4) 55.0 (45–70) 20–90 58.1 (16.0) 60.0 (45–70) 10–90
55–59 years Male (n = 86) 52.0 (18.1) 45.0 (40–70) 10–90 53.5 (18.1) 50.0 (40–70) 0–90
  Female (n = 86) 54.6 (17.6) 50.0 (40–70) 10–90 56.5 (16.9) 51.2 (45–70) 10–90
60–64 years Male (n = 58) 49.7 (18.6) 50.0 (40–65) 10–90 52.0 (18.1) 50.0 (40–65) 10–90
  Female (n = 55) 53.2 (19.2) 55.0 (40–70) 10–90 54.6 (20.2) 55.0 (40–73) 10–90
65–69 years Male (n = 62) 49.9 (16.0) 45.0 (40–60) 10–90 51.9 (18.1) 50.0 (40–65) 10–90
  Female (n = 61) 54.8 (18.1) 56.6 (45–70) 10–90 56.9 (18.0) 55.0 (45–72) 20–90
70–74 years Male (n = 49) 49.5 (19.3) 50.0 (40–65) 0–85 50.4 (14.9) 50.0 (40–70) 20–85
  Female (n = 54) 51.1 (18.2) 50.0 (40–65) 5–90 51.0 (18.7) 53.5 (40–70) 10–90
75–79 years Male (n = 52) 47.6 (15.4) 45.0 (37–60) 15–90 50.4 (14.9) 45.0 (40–60) 20–85
  Female (n = 46) 45.9 (18.2) 45.0 (32–56) 5–90 51.0 (18.7) 50.0 (40–65) 10–90
80–84 years Male (n = 31) 50.3 (19.4) 50.0 (34–60) 10–90 53.0 (18.8) 50.0 (42–70) 5–90
  Female (n = 51) 50.9 (19.1) 45.0 (40–65) 5–90 53.8 (18.0) 50.0 (40–65) 10–90
85 years and over Male (n = 10) 46.9 (17.7) 45.0 (30–64) 25–75 51.5 (19.5) 50.0 (46–66) 20–80
Female (n = 10) 47.8 (26.6) 65.0 (20–68) 15–80 48.6 (26.8) 65.0 (20–75) 10–80