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Table 1 Mean (SD), median (IQR) and range of active shoulder flexion in degrees for males and females by five-year age groups

From: Shoulder range of movement in the general population: age and gender stratified normative data using a community-based cohort

  Left shoulder Right shoulder
Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Range Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Range
All participants Male (n = 1237) 159.9 (18.1) 162.0 (152–174) 0–180 161.5 (18.7) 165.0 (155–175) 14–180
Female (n = 1167) 157.1 (18.2) 160.0 (150–170) 20–180 158.5 (19.1) 160.0 (150–171) 0–180
20–24 years Male (n = 97) 168.6 (13.1) 174.0 (160–178) 130–180 170.8 (18.2) 179.0 (170–180) 90–180
  Female (n = 99) 166.4 (10.1) 169.0 (160–174) 146–180 164.7 (11.1) 165.8 (160–174) 140–180
25–29 years Male (n = 170) 165.0 (10.1) 162.0 (158–175) 142–180 165.2 (9.8) 164.0 (160–174) 145–180
  Female (n = 119) 164.8 (12.8) 166.0 (152–180) 138–180 166.0 (13.1) 170.0 (155–180) 136–180
30–34 years Male (n = 146) 166.2 (12.9) 170.0 (160–176) 130–180 167.9 (11.5) 170.0 (160–177) 123–180
  Female (n = 145) 162.9 (12.2) 162.0 (156–172) 130–180 164.4 (13.1) 166.3 (156–173) 100–180
35–39 years Male (n = 131) 162.3 (21.7) 166.0 (160–176) 40–180 162.8 (24.3) 168.0 (160–176) 20–180
  Female (n = 122) 165.2 (13.3) 168.0 (158–180) 133–180 166.2 (12.5) 168.0 (158–180) 132–180
40–44 years Male (n = 140) 160.9 (14.2) 160.0 (152–170) 100–180 165.5 (13.1) 166.0 (156–174) 120–180
  Female (n = 125) 160.2 (13.7) 160.0 (150–170) 118–180 163.7 (14.0) 164.0 (156–176) 114–180
45–49 years Male (n = 113) 162.9 (12.4) 162.0 (155–174) 110–180 164.9 (13.1) 168.0 (160–176) 120–180
  Female (n = 105) 158.0 (13.3) 160.0 (150–166) 124–180 159.9 (14.0) 160.0 (150–170) 110–180
50–54 years Male (n = 94) 163.6 (16.7) 167.1 (154–178) 110–180 165.0 (18.6) 170.0 (160–176) 50–180
  Female (n = 89) 158.0 (14.5) 160.0 (150–168) 116–180 160.1 (14.5) 160.0 (150–170) 122–180
55–59 years Male (n = 86) 157.3 (15.1) 160.0 (149–170) 120–180 159.4 (15.6) 160.0 (150–171) 100–180
  Female (n = 86) 154.7 (15.5) 154.0 (144–168) 110–180 157.1 (14.6) 160.0 (149–170) 120–180
60–64 years Male (n = 58) 155.9 (15.2) 159.5 (144–169) 110–180 157.4 (16.5) 160.0 (150–170) 115–180
  Female (n = 55) 146.0 (26.1) 150.0 (134–160) 20–180 146.5 (27.1) 150.0 (140–163) 10–180
65–69 years Male (n = 62) 149.9 (20.1) 151.8 (140–162) 60–180 152.3 (20.1) 156.1 (144–162) 78–180
  Female (n = 61) 151.6 (18.0) 153.9 (143–160) 78–180 152.1 (15.7) 152.0 (144–162) 80–180
70–74 years Male (n = 49) 143.3 (27.2) 150.0 (130–160) 0–180 146.8 (19.3) 147.5 (130–161) 100–180
  Female (n = 54) 145.9 (17.9) 150.0 (136–160) 40–180 144.8 (29.7) 150.8 (131–162) 0–180
75–79 years Male (n = 52) 143.0 (18.7) 142.0 (133–158) 50–174 143.4 (26.1) 145.1 (130–160) 14–178
  Female (n = 46) 138.1 (21.0) 141.8 (130–153) 52–175 141.9 (21.5) 145.0 (136–152) 60–172
80–84 years Male (n = 31) 137.1 (24.1) 140.0 (123–151) 50–174 140.2 (22.0) 142.4 (125–156) 72–180
  Female (n = 51) 132.1 (25.2) 132.0 (119–149) 64–180 133.7 (24.3) 140.0 (120–150) 66–178
85 years and over Male (n = 10) 129.6 (23.2) 136.1 (112–150) 90–158 127.8 (24.4) 123.7 (111–151) 90–174
Female (n = 10) 129.9 (30.9) 138.0 (100–154) 80–170 124.1 (39.6) 130.0 (80–160) 70–174