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Table 6 Complications

From: Utilization of epinephrine-soaked gauzes to address bleeding from osteotomy sites in non-tourniquet total knee arthroplasty: a retrospective cohort study

  Epinephrine groupa (N = 51) No epinephrine groupa (N = 50) P value
Deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism 0.24§
 None 51 (100%) 48 (96%)  
 Deep venous thrombosis 0 (0%) 2 (4%)  
 Pulmonary embolism 0 (0%) 0 (0%)  
Other complicationsb 0.52§
 None 49 (96.1%) 45 (90.0%)  
 Subcutaneous hematoma 1 (1.9%) 1 (2.0%)  
Skin complications  
 Blisters 0 (0.0%) 2 (4.0%)  
 Bruises 1 (1.9%) 2 (4.0%)  
  1. aThe values are given as the number of patients, with the percentage in parentheses
  2. bNo patients in the data set were recorded as having superficial infection, deep infection aseptic loosening, myocardial infarction, or cerebrovascular accident as other complications
  3. §Significance was determined with use of the Fisher exact test