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Table 5 Incidences of hemodynamic instabilities after application of the epinephrine

From: Utilization of epinephrine-soaked gauzes to address bleeding from osteotomy sites in non-tourniquet total knee arthroplasty: a retrospective cohort study

  Epinephrine groupa (N = 51)
Systolic BP > 190 mmHg or mean BP > 140 mmHg 0 (0.0%)
Systolic BP > 140 mmHg or mean BP > 110 mmHg 6 (11.8%)
Systolic BP increase of 20% from baseline 4 (7.8%)
Systolic BP < 90 mmHg or mean BP < 60 mmHg 7 (13.7%)
Tachycardia (heart rate > 100 beats per minute) 1 (2.0%)
  1. aThe values are given as the number of patients, with the percentage in parentheses. BP Blood pressure