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Table 3 No of surgical field clearances

From: Utilization of epinephrine-soaked gauzes to address bleeding from osteotomy sites in non-tourniquet total knee arthroplasty: a retrospective cohort study

  Epinephrine groupa (N = 51) No epinephrine groupa (N = 50) P value
None 17 (33.3%) 21 (55.3%) 0.25§
1–3 cycles 29 (56.9%) 27 (48.2%)  
> 3 cycles 5 (9.8%) 2 (28.6%)  
  1. aThe values are given as the number of patients, with the percentage in parentheses
  2. §Significance was determined with use of the Mann-Whitney U test