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Table 2 Comparison of athletes with and without self-reported pain

From: Epidemiological profile of pain and non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug use in collegiate athletes in the United States

Female athletes Male athletes
  All Divisions Division 1 Division 2 Division 3 All Divisions
  Current Pain (n = 91) No
Current Pain
(n = 111)
Current Pain
(n = 31)
No
Current Pain
(n = 44)
Current Pain
(n = 26)
No
Current Pain
(n = 43)
Current Pain
(n = 34)
No
Current Pain
(n = 24)
Current Pain
(n = 29)
No
Current Pain
(n = 47)
Alcohol use in past 30 days
 Yes 36 (40%) 35 (32%) 14 (45%) 15 (34%) 9 (25%) 11 (26%) 13 (38%) 9 (28%) 16 (55%) 13 (28%)
 No 55 (60%) 76 (68%) 17 (55%) 29 (66%) 17 (65%) 32 (74%) 21 (62%) 15 (63%) 13 (45%) 34 72%)
Hours of Sleep
 < 7 h 39 (43%) 28 (25%) 13 (42%) 5 (11%) 9 (35%) 12 (28%) 17 (50%) 11 (46%) 5 (17%) 10 (21%)
 7–8 h 45 (49%) 75 (68%) 15 (48%) 34 (77%) 14 (54%) 28 (65%) 16 (47%) 12 (50%) 23 (79%) 34 (72%)
 > 9 h 7 (8%) 8 (7%) *(*%) *(*%) *(*%) *(*%) *(%) *(*%) * (*%) * (*%)
History of Surgery
 Yes 20 (22%) 12 (11%) 5 (16%) *(*%) 9 (25%) 5 (12%) 6 (18%) *(*%) 8 (28%) 6 (13%)
 No 71 (79%) 99 (89%) 26 (84%) 41 (93%) 17 (65%) 38 (88%) 28 (82%) 20 (83%) 21 (72%) 41 (87%)
History of injury led to > 4 weeks’ time loss from sport
 Yes 12 (13%) 46 (41%) 23 (74%) 19 (43%) 20 (77%) 19 (44%) 18 (53%) 8 (33%) 24 (83%) 17 (36%)
 No 99 (87%) 65 (59%) 8 (26%) 25 (57%) 6 (335) 24 (56%) 16 (47%) 16 (66%) 5 (17%) 30 (64%)
Sport Played
 Collision *(*%) * (*%) *(*) *(*%) *(*%) *(*%) *(*%) *(*%) 9 (31%) *(*%)
 Field and Court 43 (47%) 46 (41%) 16 (52%) 16 (36%) 13 (50%) 20 (47%) 14 (41%) 10 (42%) 12 (41%) 14 (29%)
 Bat, Ball, and Stick 17 (19%) 29 (26%) 7 (23%) 17 (39%) *(*%) *(*%) 6 (18%) 9 (28%) 5 (17%) 21 (45%)
 Individual 29 (32%) 35 (23%) 7 (23%) 11 (25%) 8 (31%) 19 (44%) 14 (41%) 5 (21%) 3 (10%) 9 (19%)
Current NSAID use
 Yes 42 (46%) 23 (21%) 16 (52%) 7 (16%) 8 (31%) 9 (21%) 18 (53%) 7 (29%) 11 (38%) 6 (15%)
 No 45 (49%) 87 (78%) 13 (42%) 37 (84%) 18 (69%) 33 (77%) 14 (41%) 13 (54%) 17 (59%) 41 (87%)
 No Answer * (*%) * (*%) *(*%) *(*%) *(*%) *(*%) *(*%) *(*%) * (*%) * (*%)
  1. Count discrepancies between female and male participants is due to missing data
  2. Data are reported as count (percent)
  3. *(*%) are used when counts are below 5 in order to protect participant identification
  4. NSAID Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug