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Table 1 Demographic variables, clinical data, and MRI findings in the study participants (n = 29)

From: Correlations between clinical features and MRI findings in early adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: a retrospective observational study

Characteristic Value   
Demographics
 Age, years 51.21 ± 9.18 (30–73)   
 Male/Female 12/17   
Clinical data
 Duration of symptoms, months 5.09 ± 3.17 (1–9)   
 VAS pain score
  Resting 2.76 ± 2.33 (0–8)   
  Night 4.52 ± 2.92 (0–10)   
  Motion 6.52 ± 2.46 (2–10)   
  Worst 7.83 ± 1.58 (5–10)   
 Range of motion, degrees Affected shoulder Unaffected shoulder P-value
  External rotation 35.17 ± 21.07 (5–85) 69.14 ± 9.74 (50–85) < 0.001
  Internal rotation 6.31 ± 4.22 (1–13) 12.79 ± 2.06 (8–17) < 0.001
  Forward flexion 137.59 ± 22.94 (95–170) 170.34 ± 10.50 (140–180) < 0.001
  Abduction 132.07 ± 34.45 (20–175) 172.07 ± 7.85 (155–180) < 0.001
MRI parameters
Quantitative analysis
  Maximal axillary capsular thickness 7.04 ± 2.29 (1.98–7.81)   
   Humeral capsular thickness 6.04 ± 2.84 (0.94–7.56)   
   Glenoid capsular thickness 5.80 ± 1.92 (1.13–7.81)   
  Coracohumeral ligament thickness 2.99 ± 0.86 (1.13–5.24)   
  Anterior capsular thickness 4.01 ± 1.32 (0.70–7.56)   
Qualitative analysis
  Hyperintensity in axillary recess 24 (82.75)   
   Humeral capsular hyperintensity 21 (72.41)   
   Glenoid capsular hyperintensity 22 (75.86)   
  Hyperintensity in the rotator interval 22 (75.86)   
  Hyperintensity in the anterior capsule 26 (89.66)   
  1. The data are presented as the mean ± standard deviation (range) or as the number (percentage)