Skip to main content

Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study

From: Intra- and inter-rater reliability of thoracic spine mobility and posture assessments in subjects with thoracic spine pain

Inclusion Pain in thoracic spine area during baseline examination (VAS > 0)
  Daily thoracic spine pain during the last week(s)
  Pain produced in PA pressure test of the thoracic spine
  18 to 55 years olda
Exclusion Fibromyalgia
  Daily cervical or lumbar spine pain
  Inflammatory musculoskeletal diseases (i.e. rheumatoid arthritis, polymyalgia rheumatic) or any infection
  Spinal fracture or malignant disease
  Haemophilia or other blood disease
  Symptomatic angina pectoris
  Operation with thoracotomy
  Previous thoracic spine operation
  Cardiac pain
  Oesophageal pain
  1. VAS Visual Analogue Scale; PA Posterior to anterior
  2. a This study was part of the larger thoracic spine manipulation study and therefore upper cut-off age was 55 years of age