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Table 2 Predictors for Patient’s Global Impression of Change (PGIC) three months after treatment start. Results of univariable binary logistic models

From: A prospective observational study on trajectories and prognostic factors of mid back pain

PGIC after 3 months not improved (0) vs. improved (1) OR (95% CI) p-value
Age (years) 1.01 (0.97–1.04) 0.747
Gender male (0), female (1) 0.83 (0.33–2.09) 0.693
Pain duration acute/subacute ≤3 months (0), chronic > 3 months (1) 0.19 (0.07–0.51) 0.001
Previous episodes no previous episode (0), ≥ 1 previous episodes (1) 2.28 (0.81–6.45) 0.120
Other areas of complaint none or other complaints than LBP or neck pain (0), LBP and/or neck pain (1) 0.87 (0.35–2.21) 0.776
Traumatic onset no (0), yes (1) 0.57 (0.15–2.21) 0.415
Rib involvement no (0), yes (1) 1.24 (0.49–3.16) 0.645
Smoker no (0), yes (1) 0.75 (0.27–2.05) 0.575
  1. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, LBP Low Back Pain. Significant results are marked in bold.