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Table 3 Longitudinal associations between change in presence of hip effusion-synovitis and change in hip pain from baseline to follow up

From: Quantification of hip effusion-synovitis and its cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with hip pain, MRI findings and early radiographic hip OA

Study factor n Change in hip pain Change in hip pain
Adjusted βeta (95% CI)a Further adjusted βeta (95% CI)b
No hip effusion-synovitis 8 Ref Ref
Resolved hip effusion-synovitis 11 −0.20 (−1.51, 1.20) − 0.31 (− 1.82, 1.20)
Worsening or persistent hip effusion-synovitis 174 + 0.32 (− 0.81, 1.46) + 0.30 (− 0.91, 1.52)
  1. Independent variable: change in hip pain. Dependent variable: change in hip effusion-synovitis CSA/size
  2. n = number of observations in the analyses
  3. Bold indicates statistically significant results
  4. CSA cross-sectional area
  5. aβeta co-efficient (95% confidence intervals) adjusted for age, sex and body mass index
  6. bβeta co-efficient (95% confidence intervals) further adjusted for hip BMLs and hip cartilage defects at phase2