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Table 2 Univariate associations between risk factors and one-year incident fractures for the full sample

From: Development and validation of the fracture risk scale home care (FRS-HC) that predicts one-year incident fracture: an electronic record-linked longitudinal cohort study

Characteristic: Odds ratio (95% Confidence interval)
Age 70+ (REF = < 70) 3.5 (3.2 to 3.9)
Female (REF = female) 1.5 (1.4 to 1.6)
Unsteady gait (REF = steady gait) 1.6 (1.5 to 1.7)
Uses gait aid (REF = does not use gait aid) 1.5 (1.5 to 1.6)
Wandering (REF = no wandering) 2.5 (2.2 to 2.8)
Tobacco use (REF = no tobacco use) 1.0 (0.9 to 1.1)
Fall in last 180 days (REF = no fall) 1.6 (1.5 to 1.7)
Previous fracture in the last 180 days (REF = no fracture) 1.5 (1.4 to 1.6)
Dependent in transfers (REF = independent) 0.5 (0.4 to 0.6)
Ambulatory indoors with or without gait aid (REF = non-ambulatory) 1.3 (1.2 to 1.4)
Has cognitive impairment (CPS > 0) (REF = no cognitive impairment) 2.2 (2.0 to 2.3)