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Table 2 Differences between groups at 3 months post-intervention, adjusted for baseline values. Mean difference refers to intervention-control

From: Physical fitness in older women with osteoporosis and vertebral fracture after a resistance and balance exercise programme: 3-month post-intervention follow-up of a randomised controlled trial

Outcomes Mean difference 95%CI P value
Habitual walking speed 0.03 −0.02 to 0.08 0.271
FR 1.54 −0.68 to 3.77 0.173
FSST −0.68 −1.24 to − 0.11 0.019
Grip strength right 0.07 −0.99 to 1.13 0.895
Arm curl 1.27 0.25 to 2.29 0.015
30STS 1.56 0.68 to 2.44 0.001
2.45-m up and go −0.38 −0.74 to − 0.02 0.039
6MWD −1.06 −19.66 to 17.54 0.911
HRQoL
SF-36
  Physical functioning 1.73 −3.21 to 6.66 0.490
  Role physical 2.69 −3.71 to 9.10 0.408
  Bodily pain 0.88 −3.88 to 5.64 0.717
  General health −0.00 −4.73 to 4.73 0.999
  Vitality 1.84 −2.05 to 5.73 0.353
  Social functioning −0.86 −5.76 to 4.05 0.732
  Role emotional 1.90 −3.10 to 6.91 0.042
  Mental health 0.01 −3.43 to 3.44 0.997
  Physical component score 0.82 −2.64 to 1.00 0.374
  Mental component score −0.06 −1.78 to 1.66 0.944
QUALEFFO-41
  Pain 0.66 −6.06 to 4.74 0.810
  Physical function −1.12 −1.56 to 3.80 0.409
  Social function −0.39 −5.17 to 4.38 0.871
  General health perceptions 0.32 −5.08 to 5.65 0.906
  Mental function −1.42 −4.26 to 1.41 0.323
  Total QUALEFFO-41 score 0.96 −3.36 to 1.44 0.431
  NPRS 0.11 −0.46 to 0.68 0.709
  FES-I −1.68 −2.97 to −0.38 0.011
  1. FR Functional reach, FSST Four Square Step Test, 30STS 30-s sit to stand, 6MWD 6-min walking distance, HRQoL Health-related quality of life, SF-36 36-item Short Form Health Survey, QUALEFFO-41 Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis, NPRS Numeric Pain Rating Scale, FES-I Falls Efficacy Scale International. Mean difference refers to intervention minus control