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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the sample at baseline, 3 months and 6 monthsa

From: Physical fitness in older women with osteoporosis and vertebral fracture after a resistance and balance exercise programme: 3-month post-intervention follow-up of a randomised controlled trial

  Total (N = 149) Intervention’ (N = 76) Control (N = 73) Intervention 3 months Control 3 months Intervention 6 months Control 6 months
Characteristics
 Age, years, mean (SD) 74.2 (5.8) 74.7 (6.1) 73.7 (5.6)     
 BMI, kg/m2, mean (SD) 23.2 (3.7) 23.2 (3.4) 23.2(4.1)     
 Smoking (Yes/No %) 10.7/89.3 14.5/81.5 6.8/93.2     
 Education, mean (SD) 13.1 (3.4) 12.8 (3.2) 13.5 (3.6)     
 Walking aids (Yes/No %) 19.5/80.5 18.4/81.6 20.5/79.5     
 Living alone (Yes/No %) 45.1/54.9 47.3/52.7 42.9/57.1     
 Comorbidity (Yes/No %) 40.5/59.5 38.7/61.3 42.5/57.5     
 Painkillers (Yes/No %) 41.8/58.2 40.0/60.0 43.7/56.3     
 Painkillers on prescription (Yes/No %) 58.6/41.4 53.3/46.7 64.3/35.7     
 Fear of falling (Yes/No %) 74.0/26.0 75.3/24.7 72.6/27.4     
 Falls last year (Yes/No %) 43.9/56.1 44.7/55.3 43.1/56.9     
 IPAQ, % high 32.1 29.3 35.0     
  % moderate 37.0 46.3 27.5     
  % low 24.4 37.5 30.9     
 IPAQ, walking MET, median 743 792 693 693 1039 809 990
  225% percentile 264 297 236 264 297 380 371
  50% percentile 743 792 693 693 1039 809 990
  75% percentile 1386 1386 1386 1485 1518 2079 1733
 IPAQ Sitting per day, minutes, mean (SD) 320 (141) 320 (149) 320 (133) 307 (131) 323 (134) 300 (129) 340 (137)
 NPRS pain, mean (SD) 3.4 (2.5) 3.2 (2.2) 3.5 (2.7) 3.0 (2.1) 3.5 (2.8) 3.1 (2.2) 3.3 (2.9)
 FES-1, mean (SD) 24.3 (6.7) 24.7 (6.6) 23.8 (6.8) 23.0 (5.2) 23.2 (6.7) 23.8 (6.0) 23.5 (7.6)
Physical function, mean (SD)
 10 m Walking speed, m/s 1.21 (0.30) 1.20 (0.29) 1.22 (0.30) 1.33 (0.26) 1.30 (0.30) 1.32 (0.28) 1.31 (0.30)
 FR, cm 34.1 (6.4) 33.9 (6.2) 34.3 (6.6) 34.7 (6.6) 35.6 (8.0) 36.3 (6.4) 35.5 (8.1)
 FSST, sec 9.61 (3.1) 9.80 (3.2) 9.40 (3.05) 8.93 (2.26) 9.42 (3.29) 8.77 (1.78) 9.13 (3.19)
 Grip strength, right, kg 22.0 (5.1) 21.6 (4.7) 22.3 (5.4) 21.2 (4.9) 21.6 (4.5 21.1 (5.1) 21.2 (4.6)
 Arm curls 15.2 (3.8) 15.1 (3.9) 15.3 (3.8) 18.2 (3.5) 17.2 (3.3) 17.8 (3.4) 16.5 (4.0)
30STS 12.6 (3.9) 12.8 (3.6) 12.5 (4.2) 14.6 (4.0) 13.0 (3.7) 14.4 (3.8) 13.3 (4.2)
 2.45 m Up and Go, sec 6.51 (2.57) 6.50 (1.97) 6.52 (3.10) 6.46 (1.66) 6.82 (2.35) 6.40 (1.51) 6.75 (2.61)
 6 MWD, m 471 (131) 468 (120) 473 (142) 506 (104.8) 490 (133.6) 497.6 (112.8) 506.2 (135.8)
Health related quality of life
SF-36 scores, mean (SD)
  Physical functioning 67.6 (22.9) 66.5 (21.0) 68.7 (24.9) 70.4 (19.7) 70.2 (25.2) 69.4 (20.2) 70.7 (25.5)
  Role physical 63.0 (29.0) 60.6 (27.8) 65.6 (30.1) 67.0 (28.2) 67.2 (31.1) 65.2 (25.9) 67.3 (28.4)
  Body pain 58.8 (23.7) 57.6 (22.7) 60.0 (24.9) 62.9 (23.6) 64.8 (25.2) 59.2 (23.0) 60.6 (28.2)
  General health 63.7 (23.3) 63.9 (22.3) 63.4 (24.4) 63.7 (20.3) 64.9 (23.0) 64.0 (20.2) 64.6 (24.7)
  Vitality 53.9 (16.6) 53.2 (14.7) 54.5 (18.5) 54.3 (17.4) 57.0 (18.5) 54.1 (14.4) 53.7 (18.3)
  Social function 84.1 (20.5) 85.2 (19.3) 82.9 (21.8) 86.0 (19.6) 84.9 (23.0) 83.7 (20.4) 85.2 (23.3)
  Role emotional 63.1 (20.6) 63.7 (20.3) 62.6 (20.9) 67.2 (13.9) 65.4 (18.5) 67.9 (16.4) 65.3 (20.2)
  Mental health 71.6 (13.1) 72.6 (10.4) 70.6 (15.5) 73.8 (9.6) 71.7 (13.9) 70.9 (11.7) 69.7 (14.8)
  Physical component score 43.0 (10.0) 42.3 (9.2) 43.7 (10.8) 44.0 (9.3) 45.3 (10.6) 43.5 (9.5) 44.5 (11.4)
  Mental component score 49.7 (6.6) 50.4 (5.5) 48.9 (7.5) 50.5 (5.3) 49.6 (6.7) 49.8 (5.6) 49.0 (6.6)
QUALEFFO-41, mean (SD)
  Pain 35.3 (25.2) 34.7 (25.0) 35.8 (25.4) 29.3 (25.9) 28.9 (24.8) 33.4 (24.0) 33.7 (26.5)
  Physical function 17.2 (13.2) 17.3 (10.9) 17.2 (15.3) 14.9 (9.7) 15.5 (13.9) 16.4 (11.3) 16.7 (16.5)
  Social Function 25.8 (21.1) 28.2 (20.4) 23.4 (21.7) 24.1 (17.7) 20.6 (19.1) 27.9 (21.1) 23.3 (21.7)
  General Health Perceptions 44.8 (22.5) 46.6 (22.0) 42.9 (23.1) 44.0 (18.9) 44.5 (26.9) 45.2 (21.6) 42.2 (25.9)
  Mental Function 34.3 (12.9) 34.0 (11.9) 34.5 (14.0) 32.9 (10.8) 33.7 (14.1) 34.3 (11.3) 35.4 (16.5)
  Total score QUALEFFO 26.7 (13.1) 27.1 (11.1) 26.3 (15.0) 24.4 (10.5) 24.4 (6.7) 26.4 (11.8) 26.0 (16.6)
  1. n Number of individuals, SD Standard deviation, NPRS Numeric Pain Rating Scale, IPAQ International Physical Activity Questionnaire (Short Form), MET Metabolic equivalent of task, FES-I Falls Efficacy Scale International, FR Functional reach, FSST Four Square Step Test, 30STS 30-s sit to stand, 6MWD 6-min walking distance, SF-36 36-item Short Form Health Survey. Comorbidity = four or more self-reported diseases
  2. aThere was no statistically significant difference between the intervention group and the control group on any of the descriptive variables or outcome variables at baseline