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Table 4 The association of number of positive answers in the five part questionnaire with pelvic girdle pain in trimester 1, 2 and 3, among 2217 reporting pain status two times during pregnancy (n = 4434 pain drawings)

From: The Association of Self-Reported Generalized Joint Hypermobility with pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy: a retrospective cohort study

Positive answers 5PQb Pelvic girdle pain
Trimester 1
Positive answers 5PQb Pelvic girdle pain
Trimester 2
Positive answers 5PQb Pelvic girdle pain
Trimester 3
All women,
n=
All cases,
n (%)
Adjusted ORa
(95% CI)
P = All
Women
n =
All cases,
n (%)
Adjusted ORa
(95% CI)
P = All
Women
n =
All cases,
n (%)
Adjusted ORa
(95% CI)
P =
0
658
136 (20.7) Reference   0
207
54 (26.1) Reference 0
883
508 (57.5) Reference
1
520
123 (23.6) 1.20 (0.91–1.59) 0.20 1
181
60 (33.1) 1.33 (0.85–2.07)c 0.21 1
711
414 (58.2) 1.04 (0.85–1.27)c 0.73
2
252
73 (29.0) 1.49 (1.06–2.10) 0.02 2
80
29 (36.2) 1.59 (0.90–2.82)c 0.11 2
340
211 (62.1) 1.15 (0.89–1.50)c 0.29
3
152
52 (34.2) 1.96 (1.32–2.90) 0.001 3
48
12 (25.0) 0.75 (0.34–1.65)c 0.48 3
204
131 (64.2) 1.31 (0.94–1.82)c 0.10
4/5
74
26 (35.1) 1.75 (1.02–2.99) 0.04 4/5
24
12 (50.0) 2.78 (1.16–6.63)c 0.02 4/5
100
64 (64.0) 1.27 (0.82–1.95)c 0.29
  Test for Linear trend ≤0.001     0.13     0.06
  1. a Adjusted for age and ethnicity, b 5PQ – Five part Questionnaire: Generalized joint hypermobility = sum score ≥ 2, c Cluster robust standard errors, P < 0.05