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Table 2 Clinical Results and Cost-effectiveness

From: A cost and efficacy analysis of performing arthroscopic excision of wrist ganglions under wide-awake anaesthesia versus general anaesthesia

  GA (N = 51) WALANT (N = 23) p Value
Operating time (minutes) 121.5 ± 25.75 88.7 ± 24.51 < 0.001
Coexisting pathology 45(88.2%) 19(82.6%) 0.490
Postop VAS 0 (0 ~ 3) 0 (0 ~ 3) 0.194
Postop Mayo 90 (65 ~ 100) 90 (65 ~ 100) 0.946
Postop DASH 2.3 (0 ~ 25) 2.3 (0 ~ 27.3) 0.424
Residual pain 6 (11.8%) 2 (8.7%) 1.000
Complications 10 (19.6%) 2 (8.7%) 0.320
Recurrence 4 (7.8%) 1 (4.3%) 1.000
Cost (€) 878.7 ± 182.13 487.4 ± 89.15 < 0.001
  1. The cost and the operating time were analyzed using an independent t-test. Fisher’s tests were used to calculate the difference in the rates of coexisting pathology, residual pain, complications, and recurrence. The postop VAS, Mayo, and DASH scores were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U tests
  2. GA General anesthesia technique, WALANT Wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet technique, VAS Visual analog scale, Mayo Modified Mayo wrist scores, DASH Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand Outcome Measure; €, euro