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Table 3 Demographic details of patients with surgical site infections who underwent AE and osteosynthesis

From: High incidence of surgical site infection may be related to suboptimal case selection for non-selective arterial embolization during resuscitation of patients with pelvic fractures: a retrospective study

Case Sex Age range (years) ISS Associated soft tissue injury Initial shock Response to resuscitation CT findings Angiography findings and procedure Embolization material Surgical approach Bacteria
1 Male 20–29 35 Morel Lavallée lesion Yes Yes 1. CE in left paravesical space
2. Retroperitoneal hematoma
1. Pseudoaneurysm of BIIA, along with pelvic wall hematoma Procedure: BIIAE Gelfoam Posterior MDRAB, E coli., KP
2 Female 30–39 32 None Yes No 1. Hematoma over pelvic wall
2. No CE
1. No CE Procedure: BIIAE Gelfoam Posterior + anterior MRSA
3 Male 50–59 32 Open fracture Yes No No CE 1. CE at the anterior division of BIIA Procedure: BIIAE Gelfoam Posterior OSSA
4 Male 20–29 34 Morel Lavallée lesion Yes Yes No CE 1. CE and pseudoaneurysm of left EIA
2. Small pseudoaneurysm at the gluteal region
Procedure: BIIAE
Gelfoam Posterior MRSA
5 Female 60–69 36 None Yes No Delayed contrast pooling around left retropubic region No CE Procedure: BIIAE Gelfoam Anterior MRSA
6 Male 20–29 27 Open fracture Yes No CE within the pelvis 1. No CE
2. Tiny pseudoaneurysm at the pelvic floor
Procedure: BIIAE
Gelfoam Anterior MRSA
7 Female 60–69 17 Morel Lavallée lesion Yes No CE over the RIIA 1. CE at the RIIA Procedure: BIIAE Gelfoam Posterior + anterior E coli
8 Female 40–49 16 Morel Lavallée lesion Yes Yes 1. CE at the presacral space
2. Peri-rectal hematoma
1. CE at the LIIA Procedure: BIIAE Gelfoam Posterior E coli
9 Female 40–49 30 Morel Lavallée lesion No Yes CE at the anterior surface of the right hemi-pelvis CE at the BIIA Procedure: BIIAE Gelfoam Posterior + anterior MRSA
10 Female 18–19 29 Morel Lavallée lesion Yes No CE at the left hemi-pelvis Abruption termination of the LIIA without CE Procedure: LIIAE Gelfoam Posterior + anterior MSSA
11 Male 40–49 25 None No Yes Hematoma at the left hemi-pelvis CE at the LIIA Procedure: BIIAE Gelfoam Posterior MSSA
  1. BIIAE bilateral internal iliac artery embolization, CE contrast extravasation, CT computed tomography, E. coli: Escherichia coli, EIA external iliac artery, ISS injury severity score, KP Klebsiella pneumonia, LIIAE left internal iliac artery embolization, MDRAB multi drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, MSSA methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus, RIIAE right internal iliac artery embolizatio