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Table 7 Results about prevalence and incidence of LBP

From: Prevalence and incidence of low back pain among runners: a systematic review

Author, year Study design Incidence Prevalence
   Lifetime 1 year Point Other Lifetime 1 year Point Other
Bach DK, 1985 [72] Prospective Cohort   22%       
Besomi M, 2019 [66] Cross Sectional Survey       13.5% 0.7%  
Buist I, 2008 [73] Prospective Cohort     4.8% (protocol event: 8 weeks)     
Chang WL, 2012 [67] Cross Sectional Survey      3.2%    
Clement DB, 1981 [69] Retrospective Survey     3.7% (2 years)     
Dallinga J, 2019 [80] Prospective Cohort     1.9% (protocol event: 12 weeks)     
Ellapen TJ, 2013 [70] Retrospective Descriptive       14%   
Kluitenberg B, 2015 [76] Prospective Cohort     0.3% (protocol event: 6 weeks)     
Lysholm J, 1987 [74] Prospective Cohort   5%       
Marti B, 1988 [68] Cross Sectional Survey       0.7%   
Malliaropoulos N, 2015 [64] Cross Sectional      20.2%    
Messier SP, 2018 [79] Prospective Cohort     6% (2 years)     
Rasmussen CH, 2013 [71] Retrospective Cohort    0.5%      
Tauton JE, 2003 [75] Prospective Cohort     1.6% (protocol event: 13 weeks)     
Teixeira RN, 2016 [65] Cross Sectional       14%   
Van der Worp MP, 2016 [77] Prospective Cohort     2.7% (12 weeks)     
Von Rosen P, 2017 [78] Prospective Cohort   2.8%       
Walter SD, 1989 [81] Prospective Cohort    1.8%    4.3%   
Woolf SK, 2002 [63] Cross Sectional Survey        13.6%