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Table 6 Prevalence Studies Critical Appraisal

From: Prevalence and incidence of low back pain among runners: a systematic review

  Chang WL. 2012 [67] Marti B. 1988 [68] Ellapen TJ.
2013 [70]
Malliaropoulos
N.
2015 [64]
Walter SD.
1989 [81]
Teixeira RN.
2016 [65]
Woolf S.
2002 [63]
Besomi M.
2019 [66]
Was the sample frame appropriate to address the target population? Yes Yes Yes Unclear Yes Yes Yes Yes
Were study participants sampled in an appropriate way? Yes No Unclear Yes Yes Unclear Unclear Yes
Was the sample size adequate? Yes Yes Yes Unclear Yes Yes Yes Yes
Were the study subjects and the setting described in detail? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Was the data analysis conducted with sufficient coverage of the identified sample? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Were valid methods used for the identification of the condition? Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Unclear Yes
Was the condition measured in a standard, reliable way for all participants? Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Was there appropriate statistical analysis? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Was the response rate adequate, and if not, was the low response rate managed appropriately? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Unclear Yes