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Table 2 Characteristics of included articles in the systematic review and meta-analysis, 2018

From: Low back pain among nurses working in clinical settings of Africa: systematic review and meta-analysis of 19 years of studies

Authors name Year of publication Country Region in the continent Setting Study design Sample size Sampling method Measur-ement Gender (%) Mean age Response rate (%) No. of people with the outcome Preval-ence (%)
Thembelihle D. et al 2018 South Africa South Regional Hospital cross-sectional 373 Convenience SSAQ 89% Female NS 65.0 157 59
Asmare Y. et al. 2015 Ethiopia East Public Hospital & HC cross-sectional 428 Survey A-NMSQ 53.7% Female 30 91% 222 57.1
M M. Belay et al. 2016 Ethiopia East Public Hospital cross-sectional 430 SRS SSAQ + VAS 72.2% Female 30.6 92% 181 45.8
Lamina S. et al. 2009 Ethiopia East Public Hospital cross-sectional 120 Convenience SSAQ NS NS 83% 60 60
Lamina S. et al. 2009 Nigeria West Specialized hospital cross-sectional 500 Convenience SSAQ NS NS 82% 300 73.5
F. O. Omokhodion et al. 2000 Nigeria West Rural hospital cross-sectional 80 Convenience SSAQ 33.8% Female 43.8 93% 51 69
Sikiru L & Hanifa S 2010 Nigeria West Specialized hospital cross-sectional 500 VB SSAQ 63.7% Female 39.2 82% 300 73.5
Muhammed A. et al 2015 Nigeria West UTH cross-sectional 120 multi- stage SSAQ NS NS 82% 81 82.7
Mukaruzima Lela 2010 Rwanda East Military Hospital cross-sectional 133 SRS IPAQ+NMDQ 82% Female 34.5 82% 88 78
Thembelihle D. 2010 South Africa South Public Hospital cross sectional 373 SRS SSAQ 79.3%Female NS 72% 158 59
Chandeu Mwilila 2008 Tanzania East MOI cross sectional 312 Purposive SSAQ 83.6%Female 35.9 54% 126 73.6
Wided B. et al 2017 Tunisia North Teaching hospital cross-sectional 329 Survey Borg CR-10 scale, JCQ NS 39.8 61.70% 125 58.1
Ian G Munabi. et al. 2014 Uganda East Public Hospital cross-sectional 880 Survey DMQ & NMDQ 85.7%Female 35.4 85.40% 459 61.9
Mengestie M. et al. 2016 Ethiopia East Public Hospital cross-sectional 395 SRS SSAQ 72.2%Female 30.6 91.9 166 45.8
Betty C. 2015 Kenya East Both public & private hospitals cross-sectional 169 SRS SSAQ 76.9%Female 35 76.9 100 76.9
Amany M. et al. 2014 Egypt North Public Hospital cross-sectional 150 Purposive OLBDQ 100%Female NS 100 119 79.3
Ziadi B. et al. 2014 Algeria North Public Hospital cross-sectional 450 SRS SSAQ NS NS 66.7 200 66.7
Bolanle MS. et al. 2010 Nigeria West UH,GH,PH cross-sectional 160 SRS SSAQ 97.5%Female 36.4 80 56 44.1
Chiwaridzo et al. 2018 Zimbabwe East Public Hospital cross-sectional 208 Stratified RS NMDQ 84.6%Female 32 55.7 65 55.7
  1. A-NMSQ adapted from nordic musculoskeletal questionnaires, DMQ Dutch musculoskeletal questionnaire, GH General Hospital, HC Health Center, IPAQ International Physical Activity Questionnaire, JCQ job content questionnaire, MOI Muhimbili Orthopedic Institute, NMDQ Nordic musculoskeletal disorder questionnaire, NS not stated, OLBDQ Oswestry low back disability questionnaire, PH Private Hospital, RS random sampling, SRS systematic random sampling, SSAQ standardized self-administered questionnaire, UH University Hospital, UTH University Teaching Hospital, VB volunteer based and VAS visual analog scale