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Table 2 Associations of physically demanding and psychologically stressful work with musculoskeletal and sleep disorders among health professionals

From: Work- and stress-related musculoskeletal and sleep disorders among health professionals: a cross-sectional study in a hospital setting in Switzerland

 Severe musculoskeletal disorders (3–4)Severe sleep disorders (2)
 %aOR1)95% CI%aOR1)95% CI
Total study population23.7  13.1  
General stress
 Not at all to minimal (0–1)13.01 3.81 
 Moderate (2)30.03.012.16–4.1814.54.362.63–7.24
 Strong to very strong (3–4)48.56.884.61–10.2841.117.6710.47–29.82
 Number of cases  1140  1146
Work stress
 Very low (ERI ratio ≤ 0.8)6.01 6.11 
 Low (ERI ratio > 0.8–1)14.92.611.12–6.067.71.190.49–2.90
 Moderate (ERI ratio > 1–1.5)25.55.202.36–11.4511.91.970.88–4.42
 High (ERI ratio > 1.5)44.613.035.64–30.0832.06.872.96–15.94
 Number of cases  1106  1110
Physical effort at work
 No / low (0–1)17.81 13.31 
 Medium (2–5)22.81.420.99–2.0211.30.970.64–1.47
 High (6–12)35.82.511.62–3.9116.41.721.01–2.93
 Number of cases  1145  1150
Poor posture at work
 Never to sometimes (0–1)17.81 10.71 
 Regularly (2)40.63.042.13–4.3320.02.331.51–3.60
 Often to always (3–4)58.36.263.88–10.0922.62.711.52–4.82
 Number of cases  1171  1176
Musculoskeletal disorders
 None (0) 8.11 
 Minor to moderate (1–2)8.71.190.70–2.02
 Severe to very severe (3–4)27.04.652.73–7.91
 Number of cases    1190
  1. 1) Odds ratios adjusted for sex, age, and education
  2. Bold print = significant (p < = .05)