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Fig. 5 | BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

Fig. 5

From: Radiographic and clinical outcome of lateral lumbar interbody fusion for extreme lumbar spinal stenosis of Schizas grade D: a retrospective study

Fig. 5

A 70-year-old woman with Schizas grade D and severe ligamentum flavum hypertrophy preoperatively at L4/5 (a, b). Her axial central canal area and midsagittal canal diameter achieved small improvements after CLIF surgery with the presence of ligamentum flavum hypertrophy (c, d). Significant improvement was achieved after second-stage laminectomy (e, f)

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