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Table 2 Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders for fighter pilots, helicopter pilots and rear crew

From: Musculoskeletal disorders and their associations with health- and work-related factors: a cross-sectional comparison between Swedish air force personnel and army soldiers

  Fighter pilots Helicopter pilots Rear crew  
n = 35 n = 85 n = 46
One-year prevalence % (95% CI)     p-value
Neck 37.1 (23.2–53.7) 22.4 (14.8–32.3) 30.4 (19.1–44.8) .23
Thoracic 40 (25.6–56.4) 29.4 (20.8–39.8) 28.3 (17.3–42.6) .47
Lumbar 42.9 (28–59.2) 31.8 (22.8–42.3) 45.7 (32.2–59.8) .23
Shoulder 20.0 (10–35.9) 24.7 (16.8–34.8) 26.1 (15.6–40.3) .84
Elbow 5.7 (1.6–18.6) 4.7 (1.9–11.5) 17.4 (9.1–30.7) .06
Hand 11.4 (4.5–26.0) 5.9 (2.5–13.0) 8.7 (3.4–20.3) .56
Hip 8.6 (3–22.4) 9.4 (4.9–17.5) 13.0 (6.1–25.7) .79
Knee 17.1 (8.1–32.7) 25.9 (17.8–36.1) 15.2 (7.6–28.2) .34
Lower leg 2.9 (0.5–14.5) 8.2 (4.1–16.0) 6.5 (2.2–17.5) .65
Foot 11.4 (4.5–26.0) 14.1 (8.3–23.1) 6.5 (2.2–17.5) .43
Combined regions
 Any region 88.6 (74.1–95.5) 76.5 (66.4–84.2) 82.6 (69.3–90.1) .30
 Upper quarter 60.0 (43.6–74.5) 51.8 (41.3–62.1) 56.5 (42.3–69.8) .69
 Lower extremity 28.6 (16.3–45.1) 42.4 (32.4–53.0) 26.1 (15.6–40.3) .13
Point prevalence
Neck 14.3 (6.3–29.4) 14.1 (8.3–23.1) 15.2 (7.6–28.2) 1.00
Thoracic 17.1 (8.1–32.7) 10.6 (5.7–18.9) 10.9 (4.7–23.0) .60
Lumbar 22.9 (12.1–39) 12.9 (7.4–21.7) 26.1 (15.6–40.3) .15
Shoulder 11.4 (4.5–26) 11.8 (6.5–20.3) 19.6 (10.7–33.2) .44
Elbow 5.7 (1.6–18.6) 2.4 (0.7–8.2) 8.7 (3.4–20.3) .24
Hand 2.9 (0.5–14.5) 3.5 (1.2–9.9) 4.4 (1.2–14.5) 1.00
Hip 5.7 (1.6–18.6) 5.9 (2.5–13) 6.5 (2.2–17.5) 1.00
Knee 14.3 (6.3–29.4) 17.7 (11–27.1) 6.5 (2.2–17.5) .09
Lower leg 2.9 (0.5–14.5) 5.9 (2.5–13) 2.2 (0.4–11.3) .69
Foot 11.4 (4.5–26) 10.6 (5.7–18.9) 2.2 (0.4–11.3) .19
Combined regions
 Any region 60.0 (43.6–74.5) 49.4 (39–59.8) 56.5 (42.3–69.8) .53
 Upper quarter 28.6 (16.3–45.1) 30.6 (21.8–41.1) 34.8 (22.7–49.2) .82
 Lower extremity 25.7 (14.2–42.1) 30.6 (21.8–41.1) 15.2 (7.6–28.2) .16
  1. Upper quarter: neck, shoulder and thoracic region. Lower extremity: hip, knee, lower leg, foot. CI Confidence Interval. A maximum of n = 2 missing data in one single body region