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Table 1 Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in air force and deployed soldiers

From: Musculoskeletal disorders and their associations with health- and work-related factors: a cross-sectional comparison between Swedish air force personnel and army soldiers

  Air force Deployed soldiers  
n = 166 n = 185
One-year prevalence % (95% CI)    p-value
Neck 27.7 (21.5–35) 10.8 (7.1–16.1) <.01
Thoracic 31.3 (24.8–38.7) 12.4 (8.4–18) <.01
Lumbar 38 (30.9–45.5) 22.2 (16.8–28.7) <.01
Shoulder 24.1 (18.2–31.1) 12.5 (8.5–18.1) .01
Elbow 8.4 (5.1–13.7) 7.1 (4.2–11.7) .69
Hand 7.8 (4.6–12.9) 5.4 (3–9.7) .40
Hip 10.2 (6.5–15.8) 4.9 (2.6–9.1) .07
Knee 21.1 (15.6–27.9) 22.2 (16.8–28.7) .90
Lower leg 6.6 (3.7–11.5) 10.3 (6.7–15.5) .26
Foot 11.5 (7.5–17.2) 16.8 (12.1–22.8) .17
Combined regions
 Any region 80.7 (74.1–86) 71.9 (65–77.9) .06
 Upper quarter 54.8 (47.2–62.2) 26.1 (20.3–32.9) <.01
 Lower extremity 34.9 (28.1–42.5) 44.3 (37.3–51.5) .08
Point prevalence
Neck 14.5 (9.9–20.6) 5.6 (3.4–10.3) .01
Thoracic 12.1 (7.9–17.9) 7.6 (4.6–12.3) .20
Lumbar 18.7 (13.5–25.3) 7.1 (4.2–11.7) <.01
Shoulder 13.9 (9.4–19.9) 6.5 (3.8–11.1) .03
Elbow 4.8 (2.5–9.2) 3.3 (1.5–6.9) .59
Hand 3.6 (1.7–7.7) 3.8 (1.9–7.6) 1.00
Hip 6.0 (3.3–10.7) 3.3 (1.5–7) .31
Knee 13.9 (9.4–19.9) 10.3 (6.7–15.6) .33
Lower leg 4.2 (2.1–8.5) 5.4 (3–9.7) .63
Foot 8.4 (5.1–13.7) 8.7 (5.4–13.6) 1.00
Combined regions
 Any region 53.6 (46–61) 40 (33.2–47.2) .01
 Upper quarter 31.3 (24.8–38.7) 13.6 (9.4–19.3) <.01
 Lower extremity 25.3 (19.3–32.4) 23.5 (17.9–30.2) .71
  1. Numbers in bold indicate significant difference between groups (p < 0.05). Upper quarter: neck, shoulder and thoracic region. Lower extremity: hip, knee, lower leg, foot. CI Confidence Interval. A maximum of n = 2 missing data in one single body region