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Table 5 Node-splitting analysis for inconsistency of Bayesian meta-analysis

From: Effectiveness and safety of surgical interventions for treating adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a Bayesian meta-analysis

Outcome Comparison Direct Effect Indirect Effect Bayesian Effect P-Value
Change of Cobb angle ASR + PSF vs PSF 2.51 (−3.61, 8.50) − 0.72 (− 11.35, 9.36) 2.32 (− 3.33, 7.86) 0.54
ASR + PSF vs ASF 5.00 (− 8.04, 16.68) 3.99 (− 3.65, 11.34) 4.87 (−2.00, 11.58) 0.87
ASR + PSF vs WT −1.35 (− 12.88, 9.45) 5.95 (−3.23, 14.94) 3.58 (−4.03, 10.99) 0.27
ASR + PSF vs VAT+PSF 4.19 (−13.65, 22.04) 4.34 (− 11.59, 19.54) 4.06 (−7.20, 15.44) 1
PSF vs ASF 2.79 (−1.98, 7.84) 0.68 (−15.13, 16.43) 2.54 (− 1.99, 7.09) 0.79
PSF vs WT 2.36 (−3.81, 8.75) 2.88 (− 12.15, 17.75) 1.30 (−4.47, 6.90) 0.94
PSF vs VAT+PSF 2.02 (−11.94, 16.18) 1.52 (−16.87, 20.19) 1.74 (−9.06, 12.91) 0.96
ASF vs WT −2.88 (−11.90, 5.60) 1.27 (−8.31, 10.93) −1.24 (−7.74, 5.12) 0.49
Incidence of Complications PSF vs ASF 0.57 (−1.03, 2.07) 1.14 (−2.80, 5.17) 0.53 (−0.78, 1.76) 0.77
PSF vs WT 0.26 (−1.73, 2.48) − 0.38 (−3.99, 3.08) 0.05 (− 1.57, 1.84) 0.72
ASF vs VAT 0.32 (−2.02, 2.69) −0.17 (− 2.58, 2.62) 0.26 (− 1.32, 1.96) 0.75
ASF vs WT −0.85 (−4.21, 2.55) − 0.19 (− 2.63, 2.59) −0.48 (− 2.26, 1.54) 0.73
ASF vs VAT+PSF 2.17 (−0.74, 5.60) −1.16 (−5.64, 2.77) 1.08 (− 1.28, 3.41) 0.15
VAT vs VAT+PSF 1.30 (−1.85, 4.17) −1.39 (− 5.94, 2.57) 0.84 (− 1.59, 3.08) 0.26
Change of absolute FEV1 ASR + PSF vs PSF 0.49 (−0.23, 1.25) 0.14 (−0.48, 0.75) 0.25 (− 0.29, 0.81) 0.4
ASR + PSF vs ASF −0.04 (− 0.83, 0.82) −0.14 (− 0.75, 0.50) −0.12 (− 0.69, 0.45) 0.84
ASR + PSF vs WT 0.01 (−0.75, 0.76) 0.02 (−0.60, 0.62) − 0.02 (− 0.58, 0.55) 0.98
ASR + PSF vs VAT+PSF −0.13 (− 0.91, 0.66) 0.56 (− 0.28, 1.40) 0.21 (− 0.39, 0.79) 0.23
PSF vs ASF − 0.32 (− 0.72, 0.07) −0.48 (− 0.91, − 0.03) −0.37 (− 0.69, − 0.06) 0.56
PSF vs VAT − 0.35 (− 0.79, 0.09) −0.14 (− 0.67, 0.38) −0.32 (− 0.68, 0.04) 0.51
PSF vs WT −0.28 (− 0.64, 0.07) −0.28 (− 0.79, 0.23) −0.27 (− 0.55, 0.02) 0.97
PSF vs VAT+PSF 0.01 (−0.68, 0.70) −0.56 (− 1.56, 0.47) −0.04 (− 0.57, 0.48) 0.34
ASF vs VAT −0.07 (− 0.41, 0.27) 0.46 (− 0.15, 1.08) 0.05 (− 0.28, 0.39) 0.11
ASF vs WT 0.18 (−0.16, 0.53) − 0.04 (− 0.53, 0.44) 0.10 (− 0.18, 0.39) 0.4
ASF vs VAT+PSF 0.34 (− 0.35, 1.01) −0.20 (− 1.21, 0.81) 0.33 (− 0.20, 0.86) 0.35
VAT vs WT −0.30 (− 0.89, 0.31) 0.20 (− 0.20, 0.61) 0.05 (− 0.32, 0.41) 0.16
VAT vs VAT+PSF 0.65 (0.00, 1.33) −0.25 (− 1.28, 0.80) 0.28 (− 0.27, 0.82) 0.15
Change of absolute FVC ASR + PSF vs PSF 0.75 (0.00, 1.50) 0.35 (−0.26, 0.98) 0.49 (−0.07, 1.06) 0.31
ASR + PSF vs ASF −0.25 (− 1.03, 0.57) 0.07 (− 0.55, 0.68) −0.04 (− 0.62, 0.54) 0.44
ASR + PSF vs WT 0.05 (−0.72, 0.91) −0.09 (− 0.78, 0.60) −0.06 (− 0.64, 0.52) 0.72
ASR + PSF vs VAT+PSF −0.00 (− 0.77, 0.75) 0.53 (− 0.43, 1.44) 0.19 (− 0.37, 0.77) 0.36
PSF vs ASF −0.54 (− 0.98, − 0.14) −0.58 (− 1.10, − 0.06) −0.53 (− 0.87, − 0.21) 0.91
PSF vs VAT − 0.90 (− 1.26, − 0.48) −0.17 (− 0.50, 0.16) −0.53 (− 0.95, − 0.10) 0.02
PSF vs WT − 0.47 (− 0.79, − 0.15) −0.86 (− 1.36, − 0.34) −0.55 (− 0.85, − 0.25) 0.17
PSF vs VAT+PSF − 0.18 (− 0.90, 0.56) −0.68 (− 1.68, 0.36) −0.29 (− 0.85, 0.26) 0.4
ASF vs VAT −0.15 (− 0.56, 0.26) 0.43 (− 0.19, 1.08) 0.00 (− 0.38, 0.40) 0.1
ASF vs WT 0.01 (−0.41, 0.46) − 0.03 (− 0.53, 0.49) −0.02 (− 0.33, 0.31) 0.9
ASF vs VAT+PSF 0.22 (−0.56, 0.95) −0.15 (− 1.18, 0.92) 0.24 (− 0.31, 0.79) 0.54
VAT vs WT −0.40 (− 0.96, 0.14) 0.22 (− 0.21, 0.69) −0.03 (− 0.42, 0.40) 0.07
VAT vs VAT+PSF 0.57 (−0.15, 1.34) −0.16 (− 1.25, 0.92) 0.23 (− 0.36, 0.83) 0.23
  1. ASR + PSF combined anterior release and posterior fusion with instrumentation, VAT+PSF combined video assisted anterior release and posterior fusion with instrumentation without thoracoplasty, PSF posterior fusion with instrumentation without thoracoplasty, ASF anterior fusion with instrumentation and thoracotomy without thoracoplasty, VAT video assisted anterior fusion with instrumentation without thoracoplasty, W-T any scoliosis surgery with additional thoracoplasty or multiple convex rib resections, FEV1 forced expiratory volume in 1 s, FVC forced vital capacity