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Table 5 Characteristics of patients with early versus late recurrence following Bankart repair for traumatic anterior shoulder instability

From: Mid-term to long-term results of primary arthroscopic Bankart repair for traumatic anterior shoulder instability: a retrospective study

VariableRecurrence*P value**
Early (n = 12)Late (n = 10)
Age (years)29.67 ± 5.440.7 ± 14.40.004
Age at surgery (years)21.85 ± 5.131.6 ± 12.40.007
Age at first instability event (years)19.1 ± 6.227.1 ± 12.60.03
Gender
 Male9 (75%)7 (70%)0.79
 Female3 (25%)3 (30%) 
Mechanism of recurrence
 Traumatic4 (33.3%)4 (40%)0.74
 Non-traumatic8 (66.7%)6 (60%) 
Time to surgery (months)27.3 ± 38.455.1 ± 65.50.093
Preoperative instability episodes
 Group A: 12 (16.7%)4 (40%)0.22
 Group B: > 110 (83.3%)6 (60%) 
  Group B1 [2,3,4,5]1 (10%)2 (33.3%)0.24
  Group B2 (> 5)9 (90%)4 (66.6%) 
Dominant side affected  0.39
 Yes7 (58.3%)4 (40%) 
 No5 (41.7%)6 (60%) 
No. of suture anchors used in Bankart repair2.5 ± 0.62.3 ± 0.60.52
Preoperative type of sport activity
 Non-contact sports5 (41.7%)3 (30%) 
 Limited-contact sports3 (25%)3 (30%) 
 Full-contact sports4 (33.3%)4 (40%)0.85
Level of occupational shoulder stress
 Low stress11 (91.7%)9 (90%) 
 Moderate stress00 
 High stress1 (8.3%)1 (10%)0.089
  1. * Values are mean ± standard deviation (SD) or n (%). ** Significance at P < 0.05