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Table 4 Associated factors with postoperative recurrence of instability after arthroscopic Bankart repair (n = 100)

From: Mid-term to long-term results of primary arthroscopic Bankart repair for traumatic anterior shoulder instability: a retrospective study

VariableRecurrence*P value**
Yes (n = 22)No (n = 88)
Age (years)33.7 ± 9.337.8 ± 10.60.11
Age at surgery (years)24 ± 7.728.9 ± 10.90.019
Age at first instability event (years)21.4 ± 8.524.2 ± 9.90.14
Gender
 Male17 (22.4%)59 (77.6%)0.87
 Female5 (20.8%)19 (79.2%) 
 Time to surgery (months)31.9 ± 47.256.8 ± 91.90.73
Preoperative instability episodes
 Group A: 17 (21.2%)26 (78.8%)0.89
 Group B: > 115 (22.4%)52 (77.6%) 
  Group B1 (2–5)1 (3.7%)26 (96.3%)0.003
  Group B2 (> 5)14 (35%)26 (65%) 
Dominant side affected  0.45
 Yes11 (9.3%)46 (80.7%) 
 No11 (25.6%)32 (74.7%) 
No. of suture anchors used in Bankart repair2.4 ± 0.62.4 ± 0.60.88
Anchor type  0.34
 PushLock®8 (32%)17 (68%) 
 PANALOK®4 (22.2%)14 (77.8%) 
 LUPINE®10 (17.5%)47 (82.5%) 
Preoperative type of sport activity  0.45
 Non-contact sports7 (16.3%)36 (83.7%) 
 Limited-contact sports6 (24%)19 (76%) 
 Full-contact sports9 (28.1%)23 (71.9%) 
Level of occupational shoulder stress  0.086
 Low stress19 (27.5%)50 (72.5%) 
 Moderate stress011 (100%) 
 High stress3 (15%)17 (85%) 
  1. *Values are mean± standard deviation (SD) or n (%). ** Significance at P< 0.05