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Table 2 Frequencies and percents of correct response by domain (N = 368)

From: Awareness of osteoporosis among 368 residents in China: a cross-sectional study

DomainDomain score (%) (Correct response: T = True, F = False)Correct response, N (%)
Definition of OsteoporosisOsteoporosis is a condition of easy joint dislocation (F)222 (60.3)
Osteoporosis is a condition of low bone mineral density (T)296 (80.4)
Osteoporosis is a condition of high bone mineral density (F)340 (92.4)
Domain score = 77.7% 
Diagnosis of OsteoporosisOsteoporosis is diagnosed using X-ray of the bone (T)192 (52.2)
Osteoporosis is diagnosed with physical exam (F)173 (47.0)
Domain score = 49.6% 
Common signs/ symptoms of osteoporosisHeadache is a common sign/symptom of osteoporosis (F)310 (84.2)
Frequent fractures is a common sign/symptom of osteoporosis (T)312 (84.8)
Mood change is a common sign/symptom of osteoporosis (F)313 (85.1)
Domain score = 84.7% 
Treatment of osteoporosisOsteoporosis can be treated with calcium and vitamin D (T)321 (87.2)
Osteoporosis can be treated with surgical correction (F)273 (74.2)
Osteoporosis can be treated with hormone replacement (T)74 (20.1)
Domain score = 60.5% 
Complications of osteoporosisDiabetes is a complication of osteoporosis (F)313 (85.1)
Hypertension is a complication of osteoporosis (F)310 (84.2)
Hip fracture is a complication of osteoporosis (T)311 (84.5)
Domain score = 84.6% 
Prognosis for OsteoporosisOsteoporosis can lead to joint swelling and morning stiffness (F)162 (44.0)
Osteoporosis can lead to hip fractures and subsequent complications (T)286 (77.7)
Domain score = 60.8% 
Common causes of OsteoporosisOverweight is a common cause of osteoporosis in women (F)225 (61.1)
Lack of estrogen is a common cause of osteoporosis in women (T)156 (42.4)
High protein diet is a common cause of osteoporosis in women (F)263 (71.5)
Domain score = 58.3% 
Risk factors for OsteoporosisLow rice intake is a risk factor for osteoporosis in women (F)233 (63.3)
Post menopause is a risk factor for osteoporosis in women (T)158 (42.9)
Smoking is a risk factor for osteoporosis (T)152 (41.3)
Domain score = 49.2% 
Risk of osteoporosis over a woman’s lifetimeWomen are at highest risk for osteoporosis at puberty (F)315 (85.6)
Women are at highest risk for osteoporosis during their childbearing ages (F)244 (66.3)
Women are at highest risk for osteoporosis after menopause (T)248 (67.4)
Domain score = 73.1% 
Prevention of OsteoporosisModerate physical exercise can reduce the risk of osteoporosis (T)272 (73.9)
Increased rice consumption can reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis (F)276 (75.0)
A diet rich in calcium and vitamin D can reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis (T)306 (83.2)
Cigarette smoking cessation can reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis (T)175 (47.6)
Domain score = 69.9%