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Table 3 Characteristics of patients with different severity of IS

From: CHD7 gene polymorphisms in female patients with idiopathic scoliosis

 Patients with Cobb angle ≤ 30°Patients with Cobb angle ≥ 35°P-value
Age (y)16.3 ± 1.5 (15.0–23.3)16.4 ± 5.0 (12.3–50.1)0.88a
Age of menarche12.9 ± 1.3 (10–16)13.0 ± 1.2 (10–15)0.64b
Cobb angle (°)24.1 ± 5.4 (10–30)52.4 ± 16.9 (35–114)0.0001a
Progression rate (°/month)0.15 ± 0.21 (0–0.99)1.21 ± 0.98 (0.22–4.0)0.0001a
Surgical treatment050.8%0.0001c
  1. Abbreviations: IS idiopathic scoliosis, values shown as mean ± standard deviation (min-max), a – U-Mann-Whitney test, b – t-test, c – Chi2 test
  2. significant P-values (<0.05) are in bold