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Table 1 Characteristics of patients recruited, diagnostic tests and treatments used during the study

From: Predicting the evolution of neck pain episodes in routine clinical practice

Variablesn = 3001
Gender (female)a2227 (74.2)
Age (years)b50.3 (16.0)
Employment statusa
 Non worker1166 (38.8)
 Active1453 (48.4)
Duration of the pain episode (days) c180 (90; 365)
Duration of the pain episode categorized (days)a
 Acute (< 90 days)971 (32.4)
 Chronic (≥90 days)2030 (67.6)
Time elapsed since first episodea
  < 1 year648 (21.6)
 1–5 years984 (32.8)
 5–10 years677 (22.6)
  > 10 years572 (19.1)
Baseline intensity of neck pain (VAS)b, d6.6 (2.2)
Baseline intensity of arm pain (VAS) b, e6.0 (2.5)
Baseline disability (NDI) b f37.2 (19.2)
Diagnostic procedures during the episodea
 X-Ray699 (23.3)
 MRI602 (20.1)
 CT scan40 (1.3)
 EMG58 (1.9)
 Other135 (4.5)
Imaging findingsa
 Disc degeneration1335 (44.5)
 Facet joint degeneration230 (7.7)
 Scoliosis135 (4.5)
 Spinal stenosis63 (2.1)
 Disc protrusion270 (9.0)
 Disc herniation (extrusion)518 (17.3)
Other imaging findings388 (12.9)
 No findings995 (33.2)
Clinical diagnosis
Spinal stenosis63 (2.1)
 Disc herniation/protrusion665 (22.2)
Nonspecific syndrome2273 (75.7)
Treatmentsa
 Analgesics1959 (65.3)
 NSAIDs1826 (60.8)
 Steroids190 (6.3)
 Muscle relaxants736 (24.5)
 Opioids52 (1.7)
 Other673 (22.4)
Non pharmacological treatmentsa
 Physical therapy175 (5.8)
 Rehabilitation343 (11.4)
 Neuro-reflexotherapy2580 (86.0)
 Surgery8 (0.3)
Other treatmentsa
 Rhizolysis3 (0.1)
 EpiduraI injections13 (0.4)
 Referral to pain unit12 (0.4)
 Other treatmentsg31 (1.0)
  1. a Frequency (%) b Mean (sd) c Median (p25;p75) d:Patient with VAS for NP > 0 (n = 2961)e:Patient with VAS for AP > 0 (n = 2188)f:Patient with NDI > 0 (n = 1500)g:Includes; ozone injections, spinal manipulation, acupuncture, and homeopathy,