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Table 3 Meta-analysis of reported complications

From: Comparison between minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis and open reduction-internal fixation for proximal humeral fractures: a meta-analysis based on 1050 individuals

OutcomesNo. of trialsNo. of patients: MIPO/ORIFOR (95% CI)P valueI2 (%)P value for heterogeneity
Nerve injury4143/1624.88 (1.03, 23.2)0.0500.95
Impingement4154/1790.96 (0.36,2.54)0.9400.94
Screw perforation3134/1490.97 (0.42,2.23)0.9400.65
Implant loosening6222/2810.70 (0.28,1.75)0.44240.25
Avascular necrosis7251/2990.41 (0.16,1.05)0.0600.78
Delayed union or nonunion6207/3070.37 (0.12,1.13)0.0800.97
Limited abduction3108/1780.73 (0.17,3,26)0.6900.58
Varus5140/1551.35 (0.47,3.90)0.5800.62
  1. MIPO Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis, ORIF Open reduction–internal fixation, OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval