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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis showing the odd ratios for independent factors associated with disabling musculoskeletal symptoms

From: Musculoskeletal symptoms among radiologists in Saudi Arabia: a multi-center cross-sectional study

VariablesDisabling Symptoms in the Past 12 months? (N = 58)UnivariateMultivariate
X2P-value aUnadjusted OR (CI)Adjusted OR (CI) bAdjusted P-value a
Age (years)<  301216.380.00311 
30–39312.6 (1.2–5.6)4.1 (1.1–15.3)0.04
40–4940.5 (0.2–1.8)0.5 (0.1–3.7)0.49
50–5973.6 (1.1–11.8)4.7 (0.6–38.4)0.15
≥ 6045.4 (1.1–27.6)6.9 (0.5–90.6)0.14
SexMale264.200.0411 
Female321.9 (1.1–3.5)2.7 (1.2–6.5)0.02
Professional RankConsultant171.250.5411 
Specialist191.5 (0.7–3.2)0.9 (0.3–3.3)0.89
Resident221.1 (0.5–2.1)3.5 (0.3–38.4)0.29
Years of PracticeLess than 141.050.7911 
1 to 5221.8 (0.5–5.9)3.1 (0.7–14.5)0.15
6 to 10111.6 (0.4–5.8)2.7 (0.5–29.4)0.40
More than 10211.8 (0.5–6.1)10.5 (0.8–142.1)0.08
Time Spent at Computer Workstation (hours/day)<  4110.690.01411 
4–6111.4 (0.2–12.5)0.08 (0.03–1.7)0.11
7–9413.9 (0.5–33.1)0.2 (0.02–1.1)0.06
>  957.0 (0.6–79.9)0.5 (0.9–3.0)0.45
Frequency of BreaksAt least every hour43.510.3211 
Every 2 h181.9 (0.6–6.2)1.6 (0.4–7.3)0.54
Twice a day171.8 (0.6–6.2)1.2 (0.4–3.7)0.80
Once a day192.9 (0.9–9.9)1.9 (0.6–6.4)0.31
Duration of Breaks (min)<  593.010.391.9 (0.6–6.1)1.6 (0.5–17.3)0.44
5–10220.8 (0.3–2.1)1.2 (0.5–3.8)0.90
11–15181.2 (0.5–3.1)1.3 (0.3–9.4)0.41
>  15911 
Workstation Stretching ExercisesNo332.160.1411 
Yes250.6 (0.3–1.2)0.7 (0.4–1.4)0.28
Adjustable Height of Workstation?Yes153.560.0611 
No431.9 (1.0–3.8)1.7 (1.0–3.9)0.13
Easily Adjustable Viewing Distance?Yes360.340.5611 
No221.2 (0.6–2.3)2.0 (0.8–4.9)0.12
Imaging Modality Predominantly ReportedCT1015.920.0072.9 (1.1–7.1)4.1 (1.4–12.3)0.01
MRI23.7 (0.3–60.9)4.9 (0.2–120.0)0.33
US85.6 (1.8–16.8)5.9 (1.4–25.3)0.02
Nuclear Imaging33.7 (0.7–19.3)9.0 (0.9–89.4)0.06
Fluoroscopy3[Cannot Be Computed]0.99
Varies3011 
  1. CT computed tomography; MRI magnetic resonance imaging; US ultrasound
  2. aP-value in bold when significant
  3. bORs are adjusted for age, sex, institution of practice, and time spent at computer workstation