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Table 3 Comparison of baseline and follow-up outcomes in each group

From: Effects of pain neuroscience education in hospitalized patients with high tibial osteotomy: a quasi-experimental study using propensity score matching

Outcomes(n)InterventionP value(n)ControlP value
BaselineFollow-upBaselineFollow-up
Primary (NRS score; 0–10)
 Pain at rest442.0 (2.6)1.1 (1.3)0.033521.9 (2.3)0.8 (1.2)0.001
 Pain during walking424.7 (2.3)2.2 (1.4)< 0.001474.2 (2.8)2.6 (2.1)0.003
Secondary
 PCS score (0–52)4230.3 (6.5)16.9 (9.7)< 0.0014830.8 (7.7)20.7 (8.4)< 0.001
 PSEQ score (0–60)4237.6 (10.6)43.4 (10.2)0.0054836.3 (11.1)38.7 (12.8)0.215
 Knee extension (kgf/kg)
  Operative side370.25 (0.09)0.22 (0.10)0.071480.30 (0.14)0.30 (0.13)0.827
  Nonoperative side370.31 (0.09)0.35 (0.11)0.015440.30 (0.14)0.33 (0.14)0.126
 10-m walking test (s)358.9 (3.2)9.6 (2.4)0.186479.1 (3.3)10.5 (7.6)0.135
  1. Data are presented as mean (standard deviation). Baseline: preoperative, Follow-up: 5 weeks postoperatively, NRS numerical rating scale, PCS Pain Catastrophizing Scale, PSEQ Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire