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Table 2 Baseline descriptive characteristics before and after propensity score matching

From: Effects of pain neuroscience education in hospitalized patients with high tibial osteotomy: a quasi-experimental study using propensity score matching

 ControlIntervention
 UnadjustedAdjusted
(n = 52)(n = 67)P value(n = 52)P value
Mean (SD) age, years63.7(8.6)67.0(8.3)0.04266.2(8.0)0.146
Female, n (%)32(67)46(75)0.39337(77)0.364
Mean (SD) height, cm158.4(9.2)157.4(7.4)0.549157.4(6.5)0.552
Mean (SD) weight, kg65.9(13.1)61.7(10.7)0.06962.0(11.0)0.117
Mean (SD) BMI, kg/m226.1(3.9)24.8(3.4)0.07224.9(3.6)0.127
Symptom duration, n (%)
  < 3 mo36(69)43(64.2)0.41533(63.5)0.678
 3–6 mo4(8)3(4.5) 3(5.8) 
 6–1 y4(8)3(4.5) 3(5.8) 
  > 1 y8(15)18(26.9) 13(25.0) 
Complications, n (%)
 Diabetes15(29)17(25)0.6839(17)0.244
 Hypertension28(54)29(43)0.27224(46)0.557
 Varicose veins10(19)25(37)0.04217(33)0.179
Radiation severity, n (%)
 Operative side        
  Kellgren–Lawrence grade    0.113  0.148
   II11(21)26(39) 20(38.5) 
   III27(52)25(37) 20(38.5) 
   IV IV14(27)16(24) 12(23) 
  Nonoperative side Nonoperative side    0.662  0.563
  Kellgren–Lawrence grade Kellgren–Lawrence grade
  Non-KOA31(59.6)33(49.3) 26 (50) 
   II2(3.8)2(3.0) 1 (2) 
   III2(3.8)7(10.4) 4 (8) 
   IV1(1.9)2(3.0) 0 (0)
  Postoperatively16(30.8)23(34.3) 21 (40) 
Hospitalization month, n (%)
 3–516(31)12(18)0.31111(21)0.587
 6–812(23)24(36) 17(33) 
 9–1116(31)21(31) 17(33) 
 12–28(15)10(15) 7(13) 
  1. SD standard deviation, BMI body mass index, KOA knee osteoarthritis