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Table 1 Characteristics of patients in the whole sample (T0) (n = 116) and the test-retest sub-group (T1) (n = 63)

From: Back beliefs among elderly seeking health care due to back pain; psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the back beliefs questionnaire

Age (yrs.) 116 67.7 (8.32) 63 68.6 (8.69)
Sex (% Women) 116 71 (61) 63 38 (60)
Civil status (%) 115   62  
 Married/cohabiting   85 (73)   47 (76)
 Single   19 (16)   8 (13)
 Widow/widower   11 (10)   7 (11)
Language (%) 114   61  
 Norwegian   109 (94)   59 (97)
 Other   5 (4)   2 (3)
Education (<  12 years) (%) 113 62 (53) 61 29 (48)
Pain medication (yes) (%) 115 50 (43) 62 25 (40)
Employed (%) 95 35 (37) 48 17 (35)
Smoking (yes) (%) 115 10 (9) 62 3 (5)
Expectations about back pain in 3 months (%) 114   63  
 Healed   21 (18)   12 (19)
 Much better   68 (59)   39 (62)
 No change   24 (21)   11 (18)
 Much worse   1 (1)   1 (2)
 Worse than ever   0 (0)   0 (0)
History of back pain (yes) (%) 114 111 (97) 62 61 (98)
Frequency of back pain (%) 109   60  
 Monthly   42 (39)   24 (40)
 Yearly   36 (33)   21 (35)
 Less than once per year   19 (17)   10 (17)
 Once every 5 years   9 (8)   4 (7)
 One time   3 (3)   1 (2)
BBQ (9–45), mean (SD) 106 29.8 (7.03) 57 29.2 (6.74)
NRS (0–10), median (range) 110 6 (0–10) 61 5.4 (0–10)
FABQ-PA (0–24), mean (SD) 116 10.1 (6.08) 63 10.1 (6.78)
PCS (0–52), median (range) 116 12 (0–48) 63 11.8 (0–39)
RMDQ (0–24). mean (SD) 116 10 (5.13) 63 9.8 (4.79)
  1. BBQ Back Beliefs Questionnaire; NRS Numeric Rating Scale; FABQ Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire; RMDQ Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire; PCS Pain Catastrophizing Scale