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Table 2 Achilles tendon kinetics and kinematics as a function of orthotic interventions

From: Controlled trial to compare the Achilles tendon load during running in flatfeet participants using a customized arch support orthoses vs an orthotic heel lift

  No orthotic CASO HL p-value
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Peak plantarflexion moment (N·m·kg) 3.21 0.72 2.91 0.64 2.94 0.68 < 0.001*
Peak Achilles tendon load (B.W.) 5.80 1.29 5.27 1.18 5.20 1.21 < 0.001*
Time to peak Achilles tendon force (s) 0.15 0.11 0.17 0.14 0.16 0.17 0.001*
Achilles tendon loading rate(B.W.·sˉ1) 38.25 7.81 31.19 7.27 31.89 8.55 < 0.001*
Peak dorsiflexion angle () 25.58 10.96 27.12 10.80 18.39 9.17 < 0.001*
  1. Notes: * = significant difference P < 0.05, B.W. Body weight