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Table 1 ROM of FE models at all motion segments

From: Effect of lordosis on adjacent levels after lumbar interbody fusion, before and after removal of the spinal fixator: a finite element analysis

Motion Model L1-L2 (Degree) L2-L3 (Degree) L3-L4 (Degree) L4-L5 (Degree)
Flexion INT 4.45 4.43 4.34 5.78
100% 100% 100% 100%
FUS-f-5c 5.67 5.66 6.83 0.85
127% 128% 157% 15%
FUS-f-0c 5.70 5.72 7.25 0.33
128% 129% 167% 6%
FUS-5c 5.33 5.35 6.38 2.01
120% 121% 147% 35%
FUS-0c 5.56 5.55 6.87 1.09
125% 125% 158% 19%
Extension INT 3.05 2.62 2.56 2.57
100% 100% 100% 100%
FUS-f-5c 3.65 3.13 3.23 0.79
120% 119% 126% 31%
FUS-f-0c 3.70 3.21 3.48 0.44
121% 123% 136% 17%
FUS-5c 3.31 2.99 3.03 1.50
109% 114% 118% 58%
FUS-0c 3.49 3.11 3.19 1.11
114% 119% 125% 43%
Lateral Bending INT 5.74 5.01 4.7 4.48
100% 100% 100% 100%
FUS-f-5c 8.62 5.58 5.23 0.57
150% 111% 111% 13%
FUS-f-0c 8.72 5.61 5.28 0.39
152% 112% 112% 9%
FUS-5c 8.02 5.39 5.01 1.58
140% 108% 107% 35%
FUS-0c 8.02 5.53 5.19 1.26
140% 110% 110% 28%
Torsion INT 2.01 2.3 2.68 3.75
100% 100% 100% 100%
FUS-f-5c 4.91 2.26 2.59 0.99
244% 98% 97% 26%
FUS-f-0c 5.24 2.27 2.63 0.61
261% 99% 98% 16%
FUS-5c 4.41 1.99 2.34 2.01
219% 87% 87% 54%
FUS-0c 4.61 2.14 2.48 1.52
229% 93% 93% 41%
  1. The percentages indicate the ROM of all models normalized by the ROM of INT