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Table 4 Comparison of Current Study and Natural Course Study (Sung et al)

From: Management of Juvenile Hallux Valgus Deformity: the role of combined Hemiepiphysiodesis

  Current Study Sung et al
Age at first visit (years) 12.0 10.2
HVA at first visit 25.1 18.4
IMA at first visit 12.3 10.1
Follow-up duration (years) 2.9 2.8
Progression rate of HVA (degrees/year) −1.8 0.8
Progression rate of IMA (degrees/year) −0.8 0.0
  1. HVA hallux valgus angle, IMA intermetatarsal angle
  2. Negative value in progression rate indicative of improvement