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Table 2 Summary of Radiographic Measurements and Functional Assessments

From: Management of Juvenile Hallux Valgus Deformity: the role of combined Hemiepiphysiodesis

  Pre-OP Post-OP Difference Intra-rater reliabilityc Inter-rater reliabilityc
Mean SD Mean SD Mean 95% CI SD P value
HVA 25.1 4.8 20.4 6.3 −4.7 −6.1~ − 3.3 4.1 <0.001* 0.969 0.916
IMA 12.3 2.4 10.0 2.7 −2.2 −2.9~ − 1.6 2.0 <0.001* 0.914 0.876
PMAA-AP 91.9 5.0 89.4 6.6 −2.5 −4.1~ − 0.9 4.9 0.004* 0.941 0.917
PPAA 97.4 2.7 95.4 2.8 −1.9 −2.7~ − 1.2 2.2 <0.001* 0.897 0.813
PMAA-LAT 86.0 1.9 85.8 1.8 −0.2 −0.7~0.4 1.6 0.564 0.816 0.859
MTLR 0.83 0.03 0.83 0.04 0.00 −0.01~0.01 0.02 0.216 0.922 0.940
AOFAS 68.7 10.1 85.2 12.3 16.5 13.9~19.1 7.8 <0.001
  1. HVA hallux valgus angle, IMA intermetatarsal angle, PMAA-AP proximal metatarsal articular angle in AP view, PPAA proximal phalangeal articular angle, PMAA-LAT proximal metatarsal articular angle in lateral view, MTLR 1st/2nd metatarsal length ratio, CI confidence interval. * P < 0.05 in Paired Samples T-test. c Correlation Coefficient. SD: Standard deviation