Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Overview of included studies

From: Gluteus medius muscle function in people with and without low back pain: a systematic review

Study Participants LBP Group Participants control group Type of LBP Duration of LBP Presence of LBP at Baseline Gluteus medius measurement outcome
Aboufazeli et al. 2018 [39] Iran. n = 30 Mean age, years (SD): 34.6 (6.2) Population: Not reported Gender: 100%F BMI (SD): 23.4 (3.2) n = 30 Mean age, years (SD): 36.7 (6.7) Population: Note reported Gender: 100%F BMI (SD): 23.6 (3.3) Nonspecific LBP ≥3 months Yes Muscle thickness
Arab & Nourbakhsh 2010 [4] Iran n = 100 Mean age, years (SD): 42.58 (14.1) Population: Patients of orthopaedic department Gender: Not Reported BMI (SD): 25.03 (3.0) n = 100 Mean age, years (SD): 43.40 (4.41) Population: Patients of orthopaedic department Gender: Not Reported BMI (SD): 25.68 (4.1) Not Reported > 6 weeks Yes Strength
Cai & Kong 2015 [23] Singapore n = 18 Mean age, years (SD): 27.80 (NR) Population: Recreational Runners Gender: 50%F BMI (SD): 21.75 (NR) n = 18 Mean age, years (SD): 24.60 (NR) Population: Recreational Runners Gender: 50%F BMI (SD): 21.40 (NR) Not Reported > 3 months, but less than 36 months Yes Strength
Cooper et al. 2016 [16] USA n = 150 Mean age, years (SD): 41.40 (13.0) Population: Patients at Iowa Spine Centre Physical Therapy Clinic Gender: 64.70%F BMI (SD): 29.60 (7.2) n = 75 Mean age, years (SD): 40.70 (13.9) Population: Patients at Iowa Spine Centre Physical Therapy Clinic Gender: 64.30%F BMI (SD): 25.80 (7.0) Nonspecific LBP > 3 months Yes – Only one participant reported no current LBP Strength and trigger points
Embaby & Abdallah 2013 [24] Egypt n = 15 Mean age, years (SD): 29.53 (2.4) Population Clinical Instructors Gender: 100%F BMI (SD): 24.01 (NR) n = 15 Mean age, years (SD): 29.07 (2.4) Population: Clinical Instructors Gender: 100%F BMI (SD): 22.63 (NR) Nonspecific Periods of mild or moderate LBP for > 6 months Not Reported Fatigability
Farahpour et al. 2018 [17] Iran n = 15 Mean age, years (SD): 25.30 (2.9) Population: Patients from a ‘clinic’ Gender:0%F BMI (SD): 26.80 (1.5) n = 15 Mean age, years (SD): 26.00 (2.9) Population: Not reported Gender: 0%F BMI (SD): 25.90 (3.2) Not reported Not reported Yes Activity level
Farasyn & Meeusen 2005 [35] Belgium n = 87 Mean age, years (SD): 43.00 (13.0) Population: Physiotherapy patients Gender: 55.17%F BMI (SD): 20.50 (2.8) n = 64 Mean age, years (SD): 40.00 (11.0) Population: Physiotherapy patients Gender: 62.50%F BMI (SD): 21.50 (3.2) Nonspecific LBP Subacute nonspecific lower back pain Yes Trigger points
Hides et al. 2016 [25] Australia As a whole group LBP n = 7, no LBP n = 18 Mean age, years (SD): 24.40 (5.5) Population: Elite Footballers Gender: 0%F BMI (SD): 23.61 (NR) Not Reported Not reported Not reported Strength
Hungerford et al. 2003 [26] Australia = 14 Mean age, years (SD): 32.70 (NR) Population: Men with SIJP Gender: 0%F BMI (SD): 24.63 (NR) n = 14 Mean age, years (SD): 33.50 (NR) Population: without SIJP Gender: 0%F BMI (SD):23.40 (NR) SIJP > 2 months Yes Activity level and time to onset
Iglesias-Gonzalez et al. 2013 [27] Spain n = 42 Mean age, years (SD): 45.00 (10.0) Population: Patients of a private physical therapy clinic Gender: 50.00%F BMI (SD):24.50 (3.2) n = 42 Mean age, years (SD): 45.00 (9.0) Population: Subjects who responded to local advertisements Gender: 50.00%F BMI (SD): 24.90 (3.4) Nonspecific LBP > 3 years Yes Trigger points
Kendall et al. 2010 [5] Canada n = 10 Mean age, years (SD): 32.00 (NR) Population: Not Stated Gender: 80.00%F BMI (SD): 20.86 (NR) n = 10 Mean age, years (SD): 26.00 (NR) Population: Not Stated Gender: 80.00%F BMI (SD): 21.61 (NR) Nonspecific LBP > 6 weeks Yes Strength
Larsen et al. 2018 [38] Denmark n = 27 Mean age, years (SD): 27.40 (9.9) Population: University campus and hospital Gender: 44.44 BMI (SD): 21.90 (3.2) n = 26 Mean age, years (SD): 23.60 (4.4) Population: University campus and hospital Gender: 61.53%F BMI (SD): 23.80 (2.5) Nonspecific > 3 years No Activity level
Mendis et al. 2016 [37] Australia As a whole group LBP n = 13, no LBP n = 33 Mean age, years (SD): 22.80 (3.5) Population: Australian Elite AFL Players Gender: 0%F BMI (SD): 25.00 (NR) Not Reported Not Reported Yes Cross-sectional area
Nelson-Wong et al. 2013 [6] USA n = 17 Mean age, years (SD): 27.71 (10.6) Population: general population Gender: not reported BMI (SD): 23.42 (2.9) n = 17 Mean age, years (SD): 28.52 (10.2) Population: general population Gender: not reported BMI (SD): 22.99 (1.8) Not Reported Not Reported Yes Time to onset
Njoo & Van der Does 1994 [36] Netherlands n = 61 Mean age, years (SD): 36.20 (9.8) Population: Patients of participating health care centres Gender: 44.20%F BMI (SD): Not Reported n = 61 Mean age, years (SD): 38.10 (9.9) Population: Every 10th patients of health care centres without LBP Gender: 50.70%F BMI (SD): Not Reported Nonspecific LBP Recent episode of less than 2 months No Trigger points
Notzel et al. 2011 [28] Germany n = 8 Mean age, years (SD): 42.40 (14.5) Population: Not Reported Gender: 100%F BMI (SD): 23.10 (2.4) n = 12 Mean age, years (SD): 27.30 (7.1) Population: Not Reported Gender: 100%F BMI (SD): 20.40 (2.6) Nonspecific LBP > 6 months several times per week or daily Not Reported Activity level
Nourbakhsh & Arab 2002 [3] Iran n = 300 Mean age, years (SD): 43.00 (NR) Population: Hospital inpatients Gender: 50.00%F BMI (SD): 25.76 (NR) n = 300 Mean age, years (SD): 43.00 (NR) Population: Hospital inpatients Gender: 50.00%F BMI (SD): 24.44 (NR) Not Reported > 6 weeks Yes Strength
Penney et al. 2014 [29] Canada n = 21 Mean age, years (SD): 46.00 (15.2) Population: Patients at local physiotherapy clinics Gender: 42.85%F BMI (SD): 27.40 (NR) n = 22 Mean age, years (SD): 44.00 (15.5) Population: University and Hospital Community Gender: 33.36%F BMI (SD): 26.95 (NR) Nonspecific LBP > 12 weeks Yes Activity level, time to onset, and strength
Rabel et al. 2013 [30] USA n = 12 Mean age, years (SD): 44.40 (14.6) Population: Physiotherapy patients Gender: 58.33%F BMI (SD): 29.70 (10.3) n = 22 Mean age, years (SD): 27.20 (4.6) Population: Recreationally active Gender: 50.00%F BMI (SD): 24.70 (4.9) Not Reported < 2 months and > 3/10 on VAS Yes Time to onset
Ringheim et al. 2015 [31] Norway n = 17 Mean age, years (SD):39.00 (5.4) Population: Hospital outpatients Gender: 58.82%F BMI (SD): 25.90 (4.7) n = 20 Mean age, years (SD): 40.20 (5.4) Population: Not Reported Gender: 61.90%F BMI (SD): 25.20 (3.7) Nonspecific > 3 months Yes Activity level and fatigability
Santos et al. 2013 [18] Brazil n = 29 Mean age, years (SD): 45.80 (14.3) Population: Orthopaedic patients Gender: 100%F BMI (SD): 24.15 (3.9) n = 30 Mean age, years (SD): 44.57 (13.6) Population: Not Reported Gender: 100%F BMI (SD): 23.77 (2.1) Nonspecific LBP > 3 months No Activity level and time of peak
Skorupska et al. 2016 [32] Poland n = 71 Mean age, years (SD): 47.70 (8.4) Population: Not reported Gender: 61.97%F BMI (SD): Not Reported n = 29 Mean age, years (SD): 47.60 (9.9) Population: Not reported Gender: 65.51%F BMI (SD): Not Reported Not Reported Subacute or Chronic Yes Cross-sectional area
Sutherlin & Hart 2015a [33] USA n = 12 Mean age, years (SD): 24.00 (4.0) Population: Not Reported Gender: Not Reported %F BMI (SD): 25.19 (3.4) n = 12 Mean age, years (SD): 22.00 (3.0) Population: Not Reported Gender: Not Reported %F BMI (SD): 21.28 (2.4) Not Reported Not reported Yes Strength
Sutherlin & Hart 2015b [34] USA n = 12 Mean age, years (SD): 24.00 (4.0) Population: Not Reported Gender: 58.33%F BMI (SD): 25.19 (3.4) n = 12 Mean age, years (SD): 22.0 (3.0) Population: Not Reported Gender: 75.00%F BMI (SD): 21.28 (2.4) Not Reported Not reported Yes Activity level and fatigability
  1. SD standard deviation, BMI body mass index, LBP low back pain, NR not reported, SLR single leg raise, T12 12th thoracic vertebra, SIJP Sacroiliac joint pain, SIJ Sacroiliac joint