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Table 4 Univariate analyses of the effects of improvements in outcome measures at the end of the program on recovering the capability to work

From: Recovering the capability to work among patients with chronic low Back pain after a four-week, multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation program: 18-month follow-up study

Variables (T0–T1) Recovered capability to work (n = 84) M (SD) Did not recover capability to work (n = 23) M (SD) p-value
COMI Total 1.39 (1.59) 0.64 (0.85) <  0.01**
COMI Pain 0.62 (2.03) −0.09 (1.13) 0.04*
COMI Function 1.5 (2.31) 0.83 (1.20) 0.07
COMI Disability 1.36 (3.74) 1.79 (2.55) 0.53
COMI sQOL 1.93 (2.7) 0.52 (1.95) <  0.01*
COMI gQOL 1.50 (1.53) 0.31 (1.53) <  0.01*
ODI 9.2 (8.95) 4.5 (12.13) 0.09
TSK 5.21 (6.42) 2.92 (9.02) 0.26
HADS depression 2.52 (2.47) 1.67 (3.69) 0.29
HADS anxiety 1.90 (2.69) 0.79 (2.4) 0.06
PCS −5.14 (8.11) −2.62 (5.93) 0.17
MCS −8.76 (11.3) −4.22 (12.13) 0.18
  1. T0, at baseline, T1 end of program, COMI Core Outcome Measure Index, sQol symptom-related Quality of Life, gQol general Quality of Life, ODI Oswestry Disability Index (range 0–100), TSK Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (range 17–68), HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (range 0–21), PCS physical quality of life (range 0–100), MCS mental quality of life (range 0–100)
  2. P values were obtained using independent t-test