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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of Patients with Proximal Humeral Fractures in California, New York, and Florida

From: Readmissions, revisions, and mortality after treatment for proximal humeral fractures in three large states

   Treatment  
Total
134,411
Non-Operative
121,411 (90.3%)
ORIF
8994 (6.7%)
Arthroplasty
4006 (3.0%)
p-valueΠ
Age
Mean ± SD; Median
65.8 ± 21.3; 71 65.7 ± 21.8; 71 65.0 ± 18.3; 68 73.5 ± 11.6; 76 < 0.0001
Female 94,342 (70.2%) 85,234 (70.2%) 6014 (66.9%) 3094 (77.2%) < 0.0001
Charlson Index:
 0 93,182 (69.3%) 86,474 (71.2%) 4847 (53.9%) 1861 (46.5%) < 0.0001
 1 26,901 (20.0%) 22,998 (18.9%) 2560 (28.5%) 1343 (33.5%)
  ≥ 2 14,328 (10.7%) 13,974 (11.5%) 1587 (17.6%) 802 (20.0%)
Disposition on discharge:
 Routine 99,667 (74.2%) 94,643 (78.0%) 3887 (43.2%) 1137 (28.4%) < 0.0001
 Non-routinea 32,840 (24.4%) 25,014 (20.6%) 4995 (55.5%) 2831 (70.7%)
Average hospital length of stay
Mean ± SD; Median
2.0 ± 5.3; 0 1.5 ± 4.8; 0 6.1 ± 7.9; 4 6.2 ± 5.9; 5 < 0.0001
Number of chronic conditionsb
Mean ± SD; Median
2.1 ± 2.6; 1 1.9 ± 2.5; 1 3.8 ± 2.8; 3 4.4 ± 2.7; 4 < 0.0001
Osteoporosis 8582 (6.4%) 6698 (5.5%) 1163 (12.9%) 721 (18.0%) < 0.0001
Complications during in-hospital stay for index admission
 Wound complications 124 (0.09%) N/A 31 (0.34%) * < 0.0001
 Pulmonary embolism 221 (0.16%) 154 (0.13%) 42 (0.47%) 25 (0.62%) 0.06
 Deep venous thrombosis of lower extremity 288 (0.21%) 225 (0.19%) 37 (0.41%) 26 (0.65%) 0.95
 Venous embolism or thrombosis of other site 140 (0.10%) 97 (0.08%) 27 (0.30%) 16 (0.40%) 0.11
 Cardiac complications 223 (0.17%) 110 (0.09%) 69 (0.77%) 44 (1.10%) 0.0003
 Cardiac rhythm conversion 249 (0.19%) 208 (0.17%) 25 (0.28%) 16 (0.40%) 0.96
 Unspecified septicemia 525 (0.39%) 458 (0.38%) 48 (0.53%) 19 (0.47%) 0.18
  1. ORIF open reduction and internal fixation
  2. SD standard deviation
  3. * Value < 10
  4. Π p-values of non-operative vs. ORIF vs. arthroplasty as treatment
  5. aNon-routine discharges include transfer to short-term hospital, skilled nursing facility, intermediate care facility, another type of facility, or home health care
  6. bIncludes data only from FL and NY