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Table 1 TARGET trial inclusion/exclusion criteria

From: Effect of a short message service (SMS) intervention on adherence to a physiotherapist-prescribed home exercise program for people with knee osteoarthritis and obesity: protocol for the ADHERE randomised controlled trial

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Aged ≥50 years Lateral joint space narrowing ≥ medial joint space narrowing on x-ray
Report knee pain on most days of the past month Knee surgery/joint injection in past 6 months or planned surgery in the next 9 months
Suffered knee pain for 3 months or more Current or past (4 weeks) oral corticosteroids
Report a minimum average overall pain score of 4 on an 11-point numeric rating scale over the previous week Systemic arthritic conditions
Demonstrate tibiofemoral osteophytes on x-ray Past knee fracture or malignancy
Obesity (BMI = 30 kg/m2 and over) Past hip/knee joint replacement/tibial osteotomy
Have a mobile phone that has text messaging functionality and be happy to receive text message reminders if required during the study Other condition currently affecting lower limb function
  Participation in knee strengthening or neuromuscular/functional exercise in past 6 months or planning to start exercise in next 9 months
Unable to walk unaided
Unable to commit to study requirements
  1. BMI Body Mass Index